Research Nepal Journal of Development Studies (RNJDS) 2022-06-21T08:25:17+00:00 Dr. Bharat Prasad Badal Open Journal Systems <p>A publication of Research Nepal, Located at</p> <p>Mahalaxmi Municipality, Lalitpur, Nepal.</p> Editorial Vol.5(1) 2022-06-20T09:34:17+00:00 B. P. Badal <p>Not available.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Karnali Tourism: Natural Attractions 2022-06-20T04:11:20+00:00 B. P. Badal <p>“Karnali Tourism: Natural Attraction” is a general literature review of referenced sources. It is a collection of facts about pristine or virgin tourist attractions in the Karnali province of Nepal. Its natural attractions accommodate a wonderland to visit and enjoy life. The paper is focused on the natural attractions of Karnali Province. To generalize the facts of the Nature of Karnali from a tourism perspective a study has been conducted. It is the scientific but descriptive literature review of available sources. The paper will be a guideline for field researchers of tourism in Karnali. Nepal is one of the pristine centers of tourism attraction. Nepal’s most beautiful natural attraction is Karnali. Karnali tourism is a set of distinctive material, intellectual, spiritual, and emotional features of society. It encompasses arts and architecture, historical and cultural heritage, literature, music, and the living cultures with their lifestyles, value systems, beliefs, and traditions of Karnali. Karnali is one of the most beautiful landscapes. It is still a virgin in many aspects of exploration. It is one of the most visiting places in life.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Practice of Good Governance in Rajapur Municipality 2022-06-20T04:29:40+00:00 Balkumar Chaudhary <p>Good governance is a vital part of the governing system based on conscious oriented and meaningful participation, followed by a legal system that is effective and efficient service delivery, accountable, transparent, responsive, equitable, and more inclusive. This study tries to explore the practice and policy of good governance in Rajapur Municipality. The theoretical underpinnings for the study are based on descriptive research design. The respondents are selected by purposive and convenience sampling methods. The interview and questionnaire were the main tools for gathering the required information. The study disclosed a low level of accountability and transparency in the Rajapur municipality. It is a case study of Rajapur Municipality. In conclusion, the current good governance practice of Rajapur Municipality is weak and identified with a high level of rent-seeking among public servants as well as appointed and elected authorities. This research claims for the existence of governance which guarantees public appointment in decision making and prioritization of shared problems, accompanied by the transparent and accountable government are recommendable</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Haircut and Dress Giving Rituals of the Gurungs of Sikles Village 2022-06-20T04:36:04+00:00 Pol Bahadur Gurung <p>This article is about initiation rituals (Khyaper Lapa and Nkyuee Chol Peepa) of the Gurung boys and girls of Sikles. It also analyzes the relations of the rituals with symbols of the Gurungs. The main objective of the paper is to explore traditional ritual practices, their customs, and the values of rituals and customary practices among the Gurungs of the Sikles village in Nepal. The ritual and customary practices have been practiced in traditional ways in spite of the penetration of modern cultures at Sikles. It argues that Gurung boys and Girls become mature after doing the initiation rituals. They were considered and treated differently by members of society. Girls before the initiation were considered children without gender disparity. After the ritual, she is considered a mature woman who can participate in agricultural and livelihood activities. Both the rituals accumulate merits for the family and the community. Participatory observations, interviews, and case study methods are employed to explore relations between rituals and symbols. Besides main functional practices, the rituals embodied the symbolic power and power of the community. Social and cultural unity and power are expressed through division of work and gift exchange. Close kin people and neighbors gathered not only to offer a blessing to the novice but also to revitalize social and cultural relations among them.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Relevancies of Buddhism on International Relations: Analysis of eightfold paths of Buddhism 2022-06-20T04:51:52+00:00 Haribol Kafle <p>Buddha's thoughts are not only recognized as philosophy or religion but also applied significantly as credence in economic, political, and international relations. Buddha’s thoughts have been acknowledged as a more gorgeous and vital tool to upkeep better relations practically. Through a highly rationalized and applied interpretation of the thoughts, it has been pragmatized in real events as peace-keeping instruments among geopolitical cults. Foreign policy among states has become chaotic and inconsistent in recent years. The five principles of peaceful coexistence of foreign policy and the eight-fold new path of Buddhism have numerous potential implications for driving the globe toward rectifying a pragmatic approach to international relations.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Causal Factors of Emergence of Multidimensional Poverty Index in Nepal 2022-06-20T06:09:30+00:00 Nahakul KC <p>The study of poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. Poverty is not an only economic issue but it is social, political, and cultural as well. Who is why and how much poor is a relative concept of the socioeconomic status of the people. To find out the causal factors of the emergence of the multidimensional poverty index, a study has been conducted. It is a qualitative ex-post-facto causal analysis of independent variables of poverty to measure its multidimensional index based on secondary information. It is the study of causal factors to establish MPI in Nepal. The shortage or insufficient amount of independent variables directly causes the impact on Health, Education, and Living Standard of People. Due to the insufficient qualities in Nutrition, Child Mortality, Years of Schooling, School Attendance, Cooking Fuel, Improved Sanitation, Improved Drinking-Water, Electricity, Flooring and Roofing, and Assets Ownership in the human situation of the people of Nepal to address the poverty level the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was established in Nepal in 2018 officially. The main objective of the study is to determine the causal factors of multidimensional poverty in Nepal. It is absolutely a literature review or content analysis of selected references.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Nexus Between Women’s Identity and Marriage 2022-06-20T06:15:43+00:00 Lila Prasad Limbu Purnima Shrestha <p>The globe is said to be patriarchal so it has created the identity of women that is based on their marriage. How does marriage create an identity for women? The objective of the study is to examine the perception of people towards marriage, women’s identity, and its connection. It is analyzing the connection between women’s identity and marriage and explores the women’s identity. It is a qualitative case study of four women. The method of study was qualitative as researchers had selected four married women purposively and then took face-to-face interviews mainly focusing on the objective. After that researchers transcribed those recorded qualitative data and analyzed them. The researchers again consult with respondents to maintain the validity and reliability of the data. In conclusion, people’s perception in society is that the identity of the woman is always linked with her marital status after reaching certain age prescribed by society as the age to get married. It means there is a very close relation between marital status and the identity of women because of the male-dominated culture of the world. A male-dominated culture brings much psychological and social torture to the women who want to create their own identity in the world.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Spirituality - An Antidote to Corruption 2022-06-20T06:23:44+00:00 Rajan Binayek Pasa Manoj Basnet <p>An antidote is a cure for sickness. Corruption is danger sickness of this 21st century and the antidote to the corruption sickness is no other than spirituality. This viewpoint paper engages with the spiritual insights against corruption at the individual level that might be a fundamental dimension for good governance. It explores Vedas and some of the mystic’s views on corruption. It urges that anti-corruption laws and offices alone will not be able to cope with corruption because power doesn’t corrupt, people are corrupt. Corruption is inside peoples’ hearts and minds. Hence, along with the various dimensions of good governance, academia needs to <br>motivate the development of spiritual insight in people. It will develop a playful attitude in individual life with peace in mind and compassion in heart, instead of competition, hatred, and rat race behind success, money, position, status, and power.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Local Government Response in Corona Pandemic: An Overview of Karnali Province 2022-06-20T06:34:11+00:00 Min Bahadur Shahi Chiranjivi Devkota <p>The world was completely locked down for the first time in the world by the devastating pandemic of coronavirus in 2020. To overview its impacts on service delivery of local governments of Karnali province of Nepal, the study has been conducted. the paper attempts to explore the local government initiatives and inter-governmental coordination toward the COVID-19 response during the first wave. The study is based on a descriptive qualitative research design to reach the set objectives. Three local governments of Karnali Province were selected purposively as samples. Questionnaire and telephonic interviews were the tools adopted for the data collection. The field-level information and data were presented as per the objectives in a descriptive way. The study has been made to draw conclusions based on the practical experience and information gained from all three local levels. Local governments have been seen to be at the forefront of coping with the uncomfortable situation created by the Novel Corona Virus pandemic. Similarly, the local government seems to have performed important tasks such as manpower mobilization, procurement of health-related materials, test kits and machines, swab collection and test, and awareness rising toward covid-19 response and rescue of returnees from abroad. The local governments have found utilized the available resources for creating, managing the quarantine, and isolation at the community level to control the Covid-19. The local governments have learned the lessons from the field-level experiences in the pandemic management process in such types of crises. The study would be helpful to share the pandemic management knowledge among the local governments in the future.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Application of Buddhist Philosophy in Nepal: A General Review 2022-06-20T06:46:30+00:00 Shankar Prasad Sharma-Gautam <p>The application of Buddhist Philosophy in Nepal can be analyzed in Economic Development, Gender Studies, Livelihood, Peace, Spirituality, Sustainable Development, Tantrism, Tourism, and many more. To find out the application of Buddhism in Nepal the study has been conducted. The philosophy of peace, reality, love, and compassion are universal. Thus Buddhism is a practical philosophy of the middle way path of humanity. Thus it is applicable everywhere. The study is the general review of selected research conducted in Nepal. It is a qualitative descriptive content review of the list presented in reference. Thus in conclusion Buddhism is a way of peaceful life. It is applicable in every sector of development and humanity.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal Application of Buddhism in the US-Vietnam War: A General Review 2022-06-20T06:54:06+00:00 Milan Tuladhar <p>Buddhism was first invented in Kapilvastu, Nepal. Vietnam war is considered the second most devastating war of the 20th century after the second world war. At the same time, Vietnam had always boasted of 2000 years of Buddhist history. The US-Vietnam war, which surpassed the records of the French-Vietnamese War finally ended after long negotiations in Paris and the total withdrawal of the US troops in 1975. In the intermittent period, the Buddhists engaged in non-violent demonstrations against war, which was brutally suppressed then. But it made a long-lasting impact, ultimately resulting in negotiations and the end of the war. Buddhism played a significant role in ending the Vietnam War. Thus the main objective of the study is to analyze and review the roles of Buddhism to end the war. This study is based on available literature on the subject. Thus it is an in-depth literature review of referenced texts and literature. It is also a content analysis of selected literature. The Harris and pentagon analysis have mentioned little but the role of Buddhism, the monks, the unity of Theravada and Mahayana sect, and the self-burn of a monk were the significant internal factors to end the war to reestablish the peace.</p> 2022-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Research Nepal