Research Nepal Journal of Development Studies https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds <p>A publication of Research Nepal, Mahalaxmi Municipality, Lalitpur, Kathmandu.</p> Research Nepal en-US Research Nepal Journal of Development Studies 2631-2131 <p>© Research Nepal</p><p>Authors will be required to transfer their copyright to Research Nepal.</p> Editorial Vol.4(1) https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38017 <p>Not available .</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Bharat Prasad Badal Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38017 Parental Property Equal Right Policy of Nepal: A Focus Group Discussion of Students of Law Faculty of Kathmandu https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38020 <p>It is general fact that the parental property equal rights are the rights of son and daughter upon parents’ properties, rights to ownership into the parents’ properties, rights to get properties earned by parents, rights of properties acquired in accordance with the inheritance, ownership rights to house, money, land and other properties earned by parents and forefather. The property right is a national issue and it is also related to the economy, which is one of the important factors for the development of the country. Unless it would not identify the property-related issue because its effort to change in society will be meaningless. The main objective of the study is to analyze the Parental property equal rights policy of Nepal. To find the objective this article is prepared based on primary information direct group discussion with Law students of different Law Colleges of Kathmandu Valley. Specifically, it is to find quality information regarding the existing policy of parental property equal rights system in Nepal. The researcher has not used the information besides as mentioned objectives. The researcher has applied the analytical research methods and inductive approach to make the meaning full of the information. The obtained information is explained in extended forms without disregards what the participants said. As research results that there have been found lots of changes (19 important issues discussed below) in women’s lifestyle after initiating the parental property equal right system in Nepal. The policy program is highly appropriate and welfare for equal existence of women in the society</p> Chiranjivi Acharya Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 1 13 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38020 Buddhists Tourism Promotional Strategy to Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38048 <p>Buddhists Tourism Promotional Strategy to Nepal is the study of Buddhist tourism and its promotional strategy of Nepal. Buddha was born in Nepal, so Nepal must be like Jerusalem and Mecca are for Christians and Muslims of Buddhist, but still, Nepal has difficulties inviting two million overall tourists. Why is it so? Nepal is the country of Buddha; every Buddhist must visit Lumbini Nepal at least once in a lifetime but still status of arrival of Buddhist tourists is considerably low. The main objective of the study is to find out the Buddhists Tourism Promotional Strategy for Nepal. It is a review paper on Buddhist tourism. For this federal, provincial, and local governments have to work effectively with the assurance of good governance on the specified programs.</p> Sushma Acharya Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 14 26 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38048 Buddhists Herminutics: An Analysis of Dhammapada in Sustainable Development https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38035 <p>Gautama Buddha, the emblem of peace and love, pioneer of Buddhism, was born in Kapilabastu, Lumbini, Nepal. The peace and love. Compassion in Buddhism is the basic element of Sustainable development. Thus Buddha is the pioneer of sustainable development. Buddha’s text Dhammapada in the present sustainable era is more relevant than past. The paper deals with the hermeneutic analysis of Buddhist’s text Dhammapada in sustainable development. Hermeneutics generally starts from the context of the historical text and ends with the contemporary general understanding. Hermeneutics is concerned with the construction of meaning within the relationship between author/text/reader, and the overarching paradigm. It is the relationship between Buddha, Dhammapada, and sustainable development. It follows six steps as below: 1. Observation and Contextualization; 2. Structural Analysis; 3. Correlation and Interpretation; 4. Fusion of Horizons in Application; 5. Reconstruction, and 6. Generalization of Understanding of the text. The main objective of the study is to find out the contemporary contextual general understanding of Dhammapada in the sustainable development era. The final standpoint of the hermeneutic analysis of Dhammapada on sustainable development is that the peace and prosperity of the people on the planet are only possible through the meaningful partnership in environment protection and right livelihood.</p> Bharat Prasad Badal Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 27 43 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38035 English Medium of Instruction in Multilingual Science Classes: Teaching Science or Language? https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38036 <p>English medium of instruction in multilingual science classes: teaching science or language? is an attempt to identify the effects, methods, and approaches of teaching science in English medium of instruction in Multilingual (ML) science classes. The article is prepared on the basis of in-depth interviews taken with science teachers who are teaching science in multilingual classes. Three science teachers are selected purposively from different three (English Medium Instructions) EMI schools of Kathmandu valley. After taking the interview it was transcribed, coded, and generated the theme. Based on the themes generated it was found that the EMI is important for teaching and learning but it is not everything. Similarly, it was found that the teaching of science is not similar to teaching the grammar structures, and always not possible to use English as a medium of making the concept clear of theoretical ideas of science.</p> Dor Prasad Bhandari Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 44 59 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38036 Community Mobilization in Micro Credit as a Tool of Women Empowerment https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38037 <p>This article is about community mobilization in microcredit as a tool of women empowerment. It argues that women empowerment is a process and community mobilization is a tool for women empowerment process through micro-credit programs. This article is based on the views of selected key informants’ information through participant observation and a case study at Mahadevsthan Village in Dhading. Three local NGO managers and their three beneficiaries were conveniently selected for the sampling purpose. The main argument of the article shows that most of the females who received microcredit finally got socio-economic empowerment through acquiring access to capital, control over resources, self-esteem, confidence, decision-making power.</p> Nirmal Bhandari Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 60 70 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38037 Foundations of Buddhism https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38038 <p>Buddha was born in Nepal. The crown prince after turning or being Buddha gave the Buddhists philosophy to the world. The three characteristics of existence that have in mind are the characteristics of impermanence (Anitya), suffering (Duhkha), and not-self (Anatma). These three characteristics are always present in or are connected with existence, and they tell us about the nature of existence. The main objective of the study is to analyze specifically the basic foundation of Buddhism in Nepal. The study is predominantly a review paper. It has reviewed the prominent research articles available in Nepal. Finally, the study concludes as morality is simply good conduct. It is the specific analysis of the eight-fold path. The Noble Eightfold Path has been traditionally divided into the three groups of training or the three ways of practice and they are morality or good conduct (Shila), meditation or mental development (Samadhi), and wisdom or insight (Prajna). The Noble Eightfold Path is the means of arriving at the goal of Buddhism.</p> Dev Raj Dhakal Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 71 80 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38038 Nepalese Women in Politics: Opportunities and Challenges https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38039 <p>Philosophically women are like goddesses but in practice, there are some misinterpretations in Nepal. Women have been designated secondary to their male counterparts, especially in the decision-making process, be it at the family level or community level, or the national/ international political context. To find out the opportunities and challenges of women in politics in Nepal, the study has selected purposively 15 leading women of Nepalese political parties. The qualitative data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire and interview.&nbsp; Equity for females in the political arena has been discussed quite a lot, and in Nepal too this is a burning issue. The legal instruments, including the Constitution, have the provision for bringing in female participation in the state-level process. But the roles and participation of women in the decision-making process are considerable.</p> Omi Gurung Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 81 93 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38039 The Effect of Covid-19 on Remittance Economy of Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38041 <p>Remittance in Nepal before the Covid-19 outbreak was the largest source of microeconomic stability since it has contributed 26 percent of the total Gross Domestic Product. Indeed, it is a principal income of the workers’ household since 55.8 percent of the Nepalese households have been receiving it. As expected, the potential inflow of remittance after Covid-19 decreased massively and it has an unprecedented adverse effect on the overall Nepalese economy, downsizing from national-level income to everyday living patterns of rural Nepal. The paper aims to analyses the present economic condition based on qualitative review. It is a qualitative review of the literature presented in reference. This study has scrutinized the primary level effects of Covid-19 in the remittance economy and figured out its chain of effects on key socioeconomic elements. Moreover, this study has revealed the role of remittance in Nepal and its primary level potential effects from the national level to the socio-economic life of rural Nepal. The reports published from Nepal Rastra Bank, Ministry of Finance, other authoritative agencies, and previous research works have been appraised.</p> Hari Bol Kafle Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 94 109 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38041 Subjugation of Women in Anita Nair’s Mistress: A Study on Eco-Feminism https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38042 <p>The condition of Nepalese or Indian women still in the primitive stage from a modern eco-feminism perspective. The socio-cultural status of a woman of developing economies like Nepal and India, Anita Nair’s Mistress provides a clear spectrum. The pain, suffocation, suppression, passion, love, and hate are beautifully analyzed in the Novel. To find out its relevancy in the present context of ecofeminism the study has adopted the textual analysis method with selected literature presented in reference. The researcher tried to find the Subjugation, through Anita Nair’s Mistress focuses on the Subjugation of females, and how they face extremity in a male-dominated society. The study explores the resistance, struggle of women in this context of what women are for the male and hence how they are treated as per the Novel – Mistress by Anita Nair.</p> Saraswati Katuwal Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 110 121 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38042 Tantric Buddhism in Nepal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38043 <p>Tantrism is the science of practical spiritualism. Tantrism is the practical way out of enlightenment. It is the perfect mix of theoretical and empirical knowledge of liberation. Although there are different arguments for and against tantric Buddhism. To find out the basic overview of Tantric Buddhism the study has been conducted. It is a literature review of Tantric Buddhism in Nepal. In conclusion, the study found that there is a great contradiction between Buddhist philosophy with the law of cause and effect. It is difficult to make ritual action conform to such a law, as he demonstrated.</p> Gopal Nepal Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 122 126 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38043 Biology as Destiny in Gender Inequality https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38044 <p>Generally differentiating men and women in society as a gender study is itself increasing the discrimination. It is in the name of eliminating discrimination activists are uniting, registering, advocating the weaker section of the society for political benefit. The weaker section is being stronger to fight against the stronger section to intensify the conflict for political benefit. The recent accident of Rukum district is the product of conflict-led politics of modernity. A Dalit boy went to marry his non-Dalit love with some of his friends but her people made them jump on the Karnali River to save their lives but killed.&nbsp; The incident was highly politically motivated.&nbsp; Until we follow the philosophy of modernity, the same kind of incidents may repeat time and again. The study is to analyze biology as destiny in gender inequality. Methodologically the study is a critical analysis of modernism on the issues of gender inequality. Men are men and women are women with pride, no regression at all. No one can eliminate destiny or Prarabdha but we can neutralize it.</p> Sharada Devi Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 127 134 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38044 Buddhist Economics: An Ethnography of Tamang Community of Temal https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/rnjds/article/view/38045 <p>Buddhists Economics is economic science based on Buddhists Philosophy specially focused on the noble eightfold path. Ethnography denotes the detailed cultural ethnicity profile of a specified community. Thus it is an ethnicity graph of Tamangs of Temal Rural Municipality from Buddhists' economic perspective. To get the detailed cultural and economic profile of Tamang of Temal the study has been prepared. It is an ethnography of Tamang of Temal from Buddhist economics and right livelihood. Finally, Tamang is Buddhists but they are highly influenced by different ideologies and now turned into a different type of unique Temal Tamang Buddhists.</p> Kiran Shrestha Copyright (c) 2021 Research Nepal 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 4 1 135 145 10.3126/rnjds.v4i1.38045