Implementing Neural Network and Multi resolution analysis in EEG signal for early detection of epilepsy
Keywords:Electroencephalography, Epileptic seizure, Discrete wavelet transform, Daubechies 8, PCA, Neural Network
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder of brain and the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are commonly used to detect the epileptic seizures, the result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This paper focuses on the analysis of EEG signal to detect the presence of the epileptic seizure prior to its occurrence. The result could aid the individual in the initiation of delay sensitive diagnostic, therapeutic and alerting procedures. The methodology involves the multi resolution analysis (MRA) of the EEG signals of epileptic patient. MRA is carried out using discrete wavelet transform with daubechies 8 as the mother wavelet. For EEG data, the database of MIT-BIH of seven patients with different cases of epileptic seizure was used. The result with one of the patients showed presence of a unique pattern during the spectral analysis of the signal over different bands. Hence, based on the first patient, similar region is selected with the other patients and the multi-resolution analysis along with the principal component analysis (PCA) for the dimension reduction is carried out. Finally, these are treated with neural network to perform the classification of the signal either the epilepsy is occurring or not. The final results showed 100% accuracy with the detection with the neural network however it uses a large amount of data for analysis. Thus, the same was tested with dimension reduction using PCA which reduced the average accuracy to 89.51%. All the results have been simulated within the Matlab environment.