Social Inquiry: Journal of Social Science Research 2020-05-10T11:15:14+00:00 Rebat Kumar Dhakal Open Journal Systems <p>Official journal of the Sustainable Development and Empowerment Forum. <em>Social Inquiry </em>provides a unique forum for discussing contemporary social issues through the promotion of cross-cutting research. It is an interdisciplinary journal in social sciences and humanities publishing theoretical and empirical work that uses a variety of methodological approaches to study the different aspects of the lifeworld of individuals, social groups and institutions.</p> Decline in the Moral Foundations of Nepali Politics 2020-05-10T11:15:04+00:00 Rebat Kumar Dhakal <p>No abstract available.</p> 2020-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sociology of Development: Towards a Theoretical Option for the Global South 2020-05-10T11:15:06+00:00 Justus B. Aungo <p>This article proposes that social analysis should view the idea of global development as a series of actions and practices that seek to fundamentally reconfigure social relations in order to ‘manufacture’ new forms of community in the global South.&nbsp; The emergent social forms exist at the margins of neoliberal economy, where personhood and morality are flexible, fluid, contested and remade through continuous dispossession and changing survival possibilities. In effect the practice of development is a continuation of the process of rule established by the colonial civilizing projects and maintained under postcolonial modernity’s neoliberal capitalism.&nbsp; The article elaborates that as a national and regional process and discourse, development continues to generate and maintain forms (subjectivities) of self-regulation and control (governmentality) that both internalize and externalize the South in relation to the global economy and power structure. The paper suggests that sociology of development and related social inquiry should explore a South-aware theory of development in a way that could problematize development itself. It further suggests that the application of Michel Foucault’s concepts to examine the development trajectories may be a starting point that could excite discussions and collaborations for a nuanced exposition of the macro- and micro dynamics and experiences of the development phenomenon.</p> 2020-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Civil Society Is the Second Pillar of West African Nation States 2020-05-10T11:15:07+00:00 Robin E. Poulton <p>Experience from many African nations – as well as America, Asia and Europe – provides compelling evidence that civil society plays a fundamental role in social progress and in promoting peace and democratic governance. Civil society has organised democratic governance in West African for millennia, and not simply since colonial rule began. Our political science research shows how civil society has been and remains critical to the evolution of West African Nation States – nearly all of which are recent post-colonial creations – and that a Five Pillar conception of the Nation State conforms more closely to West African realities than the traditional Western concept of Executive + Legislative + Judiciary. We propose that Civil Society and the Military should be added to the traditional State Pillars used in American and European analyses, since both have been - and remain - vital actors in the construction of West African Nation States since the 1960s. Moreover, civil society is often able to exert “countervailing power” - an expression coined by Professor J. K. Galbraith (1952) that puts pressure on the West African Executive, Legislature, Judicial and the Military pillars to help them function more effectively. It is civil society (sometimes with support from the nebulous “international community”) that keeps the other four pillars operating within their appropriate roles. This places civil society in the second place, after the Executive pillar.</p> 2020-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Defining Justice and Dignity Through Gendered Peace Building: A Case Study of Gender-Based Violence During Armed Conflict in Nepal 2020-05-10T11:15:09+00:00 Susan Risal <p>The prolonged transition and the long awaited journey for justice for a decade has led to increased anger and frustration among women who survived gendered violence during the Nepali armed conflict (1996-2006). During April 2017-May 2018, a case study fieldwork was conducted with women who survived conflict-related sexual violence during the armed conflict in Nepal. Using a critical theory framework and case study methodology, this research sought to understand how the women who faced gender based violence during the conflict era of Nepal define dignity and justice from their own lived experience and consequently, their needs for reparations. Ultimately, with resulting interventions by presenting these women’s voices and needs to the truth seeking commissions, other government bodies, and national and international organizations working with conflict affected women, women’s quest for dignity, justice and needs could be addressed. The findings of this study have also expanded the body of knowledge and best practices for reconciliation in contexts where gender based violence has been used as a weapon of war.</p> 2020-05-10T09:49:45+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Positionality and Creating Dialogue in Nepal: Connecting Ethnomathematics and Modelling - the Importance of Place Through Ethnomodelling 2020-05-10T11:15:10+00:00 Daniel Clark Orey Milton Rosa <p>This paper reflects upon the valuable research in ethnomathematics and principally ethnomodelling, with colleagues in Nepal from 2007 to the present. The main objective of this paper is to identify how dialogic approaches using nonkilling mathematics and ethnomodelling contributes to processes of teaching and learning mathematics. In this article, we discuss the connections related to positionality and ongoing research in ethnomodelling in Nepal, this includes what was learned with a Brazilian-Nepali connection used to reflect on feedback and new ideas related to the dialogical processes that allows us to use and create new forms of emic, etic, and dialogical aspects in ethnomodelling. We seek here to integrate and share ideas related to ethnomodelling dialogue gleaned from discussions and work with the emerging ethnomathematics research group in Nepal. We end this discussion with concrete examples of how we continue to learn and apply dialogue in ethnomodelling research in the context of JB Pradhan and Toyanath Sharma´s work with artifacts in Nepal.</p> 2020-05-10T10:09:10+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Awareness of Child Sexual Abuse Among Secondary School Students in Kathmandu District 2020-05-10T11:15:11+00:00 Rojina Basnet Sabyata Gautam Sharmila Maharjan <p>This study explores the awareness among community and institutional school students on child sexual abuse (CSA). The study population was 120 students studying in class 8 and 9 from two institutional and two community schools.&nbsp; The numbers of male respondents were slightly higher than female respondents in both institutional and community schools (51.5% in institutional and 52.1% in community schools). 66% in community and 86.3% in community schools answered that raping the child and exposing abuser’s body parts to a child is sexual abuse of the child. Children perceive only serious forms or rape as sexual abuse while they are mostly ignorant that less serious types are also sexual abuse. However, comparatively respondents of community school were more aware of the non-contact form of sexual abuse of child than that of institutional school. Students of both institutional and community schools do not have much knowledge about the consequences of sexual abuse, as very few respondents hardly pointed out all the consequences. Furthermore, there was a difference in the level of knowledge between institutional and community school students. The result of the study will be useful to provide baseline information regarding awareness of school adolescents on sexual abuse so that policymakers can develop policies and programs to ensure a protective environment for children in various contexts. Also, awareness needs to be provided regarding CSA from primary school level.</p> 2020-05-10T10:29:03+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Strained Identity: Cultural and Religious Rituals of a Musahar Community 2020-05-10T11:15:13+00:00 Bhabani Pokhrel <p>This article portrays the Musahars, untouchable by tradition, as observing their cultural and religious rituals despite strains of change surrounding their identity. One of the diverse ethnic minorities of the Tarai plains of Nepal, the community exhibits a distinct set of characteristics, meriting ethnographic attention. Past studies have looked into their socio-economic situation but their cultural and religious practices, markers of their identity, are less studied. In that context, this paper has done the desk and field reviews of the cultural and religious traits seen in a small Musahar cluster of Province 1. The objectives were to describe the community’s everyday practices, what its members eat and drink, how they observe their life-cycle rituals, their feast and festivals, dresses and ornaments in light of literature, field observation and intensive interviews. The primary and secondary data are used to describe the everyday practices and strains of change in the Musahar identity. Interviews were held with four participants sampled purposively from Ward 1 of Biratnagar Metropolis, in Morang. The findings of this paper are expected to be useful for researchers interested in this particular community as well as for planners and policymakers who seek to bring the downtrodden community into the mainstream of development.</p> 2020-05-10T10:49:08+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Book Review: ‘Forget Kathmandu: An Elegy for Democracy’ 2020-05-10T11:15:05+00:00 Suresh Gautam <p>No abstract available.</p> 2020-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##