Saptagandaki Journal <p>A research journal of Saptagandaki Multiple Campus, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.</p> Research Management Cell, Saptagandaki Multiple Campus en-US Saptagandaki Journal 2594-3243 <p>© The Saptagandaki Journal</p><p>The author of article must sign the copyright permission or the author must assign copyright to the Journal/to the Campus Authority prior to publication.</p><p>All rights reserved.</p> Social Media and its Impact on Youth of Kathmandu Valley <p>Social media is a worldwide networking platform that serves as a medium for the people to connect and communicate with each other and for the youth to explore the world. The objective of this study was to examine the social media factors affecting on the youths of Kathmandu valley. The study is based on 408 respondents from Kathmandu valley. To achieve the purpose of study, structured questionnaire was prepared. Inferential statistics were used to make proper analysis. The result shows that types of social media used and availability of social media are positively correlated with impact on youth. The regression result shows that the beta coefficients for types of social media used and availability of social media are positive and significant with impact on youth. The result also shows that the beta coefficient for psychology of social media users is negative with impact on youth.</p> Achyut Gnawali Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 8 22 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36895 Exploring My Images of Mathematics and Its Influence on Learning <p>The major aim of this paper is to explore my images of mathematics and its influences on my teaching-learning strategies. I have employed an auto/ethnographic research design to excavate my lived experiences largely informed by interpretive and critical paradigms. To generate field texts dialectical and historical-hermeneutic approaches have been used. The Habermas’ knowledge constitutive interest and Mezorows’ transformative learning theory were used as theoretical referents. The writing as a process of inquiry has been used to create layered texts through thick descriptions of the contexts, critical self-reflexivity, transparent and believable writing aiming to ensure the quality standards of the research. The research illuminates that most of the negative images of mathematics have been emerged by the conventional transmissionist ‘one-size-fits-all’ pedagogical approach. Likewise, it has indicated that to transform mathematics education practices towards more empowering, authentic, and inclusive ones, it must be necessary to shift in paradigms of teaching and practitioners’ convictions, beliefs, values, and perspectives as well.</p> Basanta Raj Lamichhane Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 23 48 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36896 Identification of Nepal’s Soft Power <p>Soft power, according to Nye, is a particular power of attraction to a state based on the appeal of its culture, political values, and foreign policies (Nye Jr. 2004, p. 11, 2008, p. 96). In the changing paradigms of state powers from military strength, economic might, political power, technological competency to soft power endeavors, identification of own soft power is the process of measuring own strength. Hard power measures can be observed from out sides as well but soft power potentialities will not appear easily without systematic attempt to expose them in front of international actors. Hard power measurement is easy and more exact than soft power qualities. There are very limited academic attempts visible in identification of Nepal’s soft power. Great soft powers of the world are visible and measurable through soft power indices developed by different think tanks and research agencies. The soft power 30 and Global Soft Power Index are exemplary forums engaged in ranking states in terms of soft powers. Reputation, influence, political values, culture, foreign policies, enterprise, culture, digital, governance, engagements and education are the indicators of soft power. The newly explained taxonomy of soft power includes four subunits of soft power namely resources, instruments, receptions and outcomes. Buddhism is a powerful soft power resource of Nepal. Conflict resolution and peace process model of Nepal is another potential soft power. Culture, engagement in multilateral global and regional forum, natural beauty with the world is highest Mt. Everest, diasporic community of Nepal, social networks, public diplomacy and personal diplomacy are remarkable soft power properties of Nepal. Nonetheless, identification of Nepal’s soft power is in very preliminary phase.</p> Binod Khanda Timilsana Copyright (c) 2021 Saptagandaki Journal 2021-05-05 2021-05-05 11 49 65 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36897 Growth of Capital Market in Nepal: Impact on Capitalization, GDP and NEPSE Index <p>The capital market plays an importance role in an economy and provides the opportunity to the investor for the mobilization and channelization of funds. Nepalese capital market is in growing and improving phase. The objective of this study is to analyze the evaluation of the existing status of the capital market in term of its composition of types of the capital market and to examine the impact of capital mobilization in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and to examine the contribution of capital market in financial resources and GDP. Besides, the study examines the share transaction in Nepal Stock Exchange (NEPSE) and its impact on NEPSE Index. The study period of 2000/01 to 2018/19 has been used for study purposes. Through the use of descriptive research design, the trends of capital market development track after 2000/01 to present status has been presented. Secondary data are analyzed through the use of regression and other descriptive statists to convert the information into data. The result indicates that the ordinary shares in the primary capital market and market capitalization in the secondary market has significant contribution for the capital market in Nepal. Also, the study reveals that there is a significant and positive impact of capital mobilization on GDP and the number of share transactions on the NEPSE Index in the Nepalese capital market. Hence there is a significant contribution of the capital market for financial resources mobilization and GDP of Nepal. The study reports for modernization and systematization of the capital market need more optimal efforts from concerned stakeholders.</p> Dhan Raj Chalise Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 66 83 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36898 Portrayal of the West and the Expression of Nepalese Male Ethos in Jungabahadurko Belayet Yatra <p>Jungabahadurko Belayet Yatra [Jungabahadur’s England Visit] is a pioneering work of travel account in the Nepalese literature. It recounts Jungabahadur Rana’s formal visit to England and France in 1850 as a goodwill ambassador of the Nepalese king to Queen Victoria while he was the prime minister of Nepal. Although the author is not identified, the work informs the reader of the European life and society with its colour, culture and sound. More than this, it reveals the male ethos of the observer. This paper attempts to analyse the text to see how it represents and reacts to the European society of the mid-fifties of the nineteenth century. The article uses the conceptual frame works of Michel Foucault’s discourse and power and Edward Said’s Orientalism and the generic parameters of travel writing. Finally, the article comes to the conclusion that, despite addressing diverse issues, it portrays England and France mainly in the feminine tropes and presents Rana as the centre of attraction.</p> Dharma Bahadur Thapa Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 84 98 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36899 Abusive Supervision and Withdrawal Behaviors: Defensive Role of Ability-Job-Fit <p>Researchers concentrated on antecedents and consequences of abusive supervision and paid less attention to factors that mitigate abusive supervision’s harmful effect in an organization. As a response to the situation, this study was carried out to measure the (i) direct impact of abusive supervision on withdrawal behavior, (ii) direct impact of ability-job-fit on withdrawal behavior, and (iii) defensive role of ability-job-fit for the harmful effect of abusive supervision on withdrawal behavior. Perceptual data were collected from the 350 employees working in the Nepalese multipurpose saving and credit cooperative limited. To infer the conclusion, data were analyzed quantitatively adopting the deducting reasoning approach and positivist research philosophy. This study found that there was- a positive impact of abusive supervision on withdrawal behaviors, negative impact of ability-job-fit on withdrawal behaviors, ability-job-fit defended the harmful effect of abusive supervision on withdrawal behavior. Moreover, abusive supervision’s harmful effect on withdrawal behaviors was less for those who perceived high ability-job-fit and vice versa. Numbers of practical and theoretical implications are suggested.</p> Ganesh Bhattarai Dhruba Raj Pokhrel Rewan Kumar Dahal Sumedha Sharma Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 99 121 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36900 Covid 19 Neologisms in English <p>The purpose of this article is to explore and analyse some of the English words and expressions that have emerged or come into new light with the spread of Covid-19. Most of the words and expressions analyzed come from the author’s own observation of their occurrence in the media and some others are borrowed from the sources that he has read and reviewed. The article is based on the theory of neologism as discussed in Plag (2003), Akmajian, De[1]mers, Farmer and Harnish (2010) and Yule (2017). It lists and categorizes common coronavi[1]rus related neologisms and analyses their formation processes and use. Etymology of some of the terms has been traced as far as possible.</p> Padam Lal Bharati Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 122 135 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36901 Analysis of Receivables Practices in Manufacturing Companies: A Case of Nepalese Pharmaceuticals Companies <p>This paper presents the results of the survey and analysis of receivable practices in Nepalese pharmaceuticals companies. The survey is based on the structured questionnaire completed by 209 pharmaceuticals executives of which 44 were under corporate level, 98 under business level and 67 at operational level. The major issues dealt in the survey are concerned with the application of credit control policy, application of credit customer grading form, application techniques used to grant credit, application of “best practice” tips for effective credit control and opinion on practice of credit limit. Survey results showed that pharmaceuticals companies have desired to establish credit control policy with continuous practice of using credit application to screen new customer and renew them yearly. However, the practice of average collection period was not satisfactory in the companies. The choice of “references” for grading credit customer and ratio analysis were evident to grant credit.</p> Post Raj Pokharel Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 136 146 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36902 Interventions Aimed at Improving Knowledge, Detection Practices and Management of Dementia among Health Professionals. <p>The aim of this review was to synthesize the aggregated studies aimed at improving health care knowledge, detection practices and management of dementia among healthcare professionals (HPs). Healthcare professionals play a key role in the detection and management of dementia. However, there is a gap in the literature as to what represents best practice with regard to educating HPs in this area. We searched citation index Google scholar, Scopus and Pub Med, Medline, were searched for relevant articles from 2000-2019 without data limit. Inclusion criteria were (1) intervention studies aimed at improving HPs practices concerning dementia care (2) the educational intervention focused on knowledge, detection practice and management of dementia, and (3) peer-reviewed and written in English. Of 4968 articles identified, only 13 articles (six GPs, two clinical/organization care based, one nurse, one physician and affiliated staff and one with physician, manager and therapists based studies) were suitable for inclusion and these all were from developed countries. Seven studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 1 prospective, 2 GPs and supervisors intervention, 1 cohort study, and 2 clinical /organizational care services clustered randomized study. Overall, the methodological quality of these studies was poor, particularly with regard to the methods utilized and sample sizes however, combined programs of, practice based workshops with community and multi-faced educational program were the most effective. The continuous educational intervention program can improve the health professionals’ diagnosis and management knowledge, confidents and negative perception of dementia. HPs should be Interventions Aimed at Improving Knowledge, Detection Practices and Management of Dementia among Health Professionals. Dr. Pushkar Singh Raikhola1 Dr. Krishna Prasad Pathak2 Tara Gaire3 1 Monitoring Directorate, Tribhuban University, Nepal 2 Nepal Open University, Nepal. Alzheimer Related Dementia Society Nepal. 3 Department of Nursing, Innovative health science college THE SAPTAGANDAKI JOURNAL 2055 B.S. Review Article148 The Saptagandaki Journal / Vol.Xi / Issue 11/ November 2020 / ISSN 2594-3243 (Print) supported to improve their knowledge, tackle behavioral problems associated with dementia, be made aware of services and be enabled to engage in more early diagnosis in primary care. Further intervention program should address the cultural change to facilitate long term improvements. Educational intervention program is crucial to the health professionals to get close to the diagnostic confidence.</p> Pushkar Singh Raikhola Krishna Prasad Pathak Tara Gaire Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 147 159 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36903 मृतजीवी कथाको सांस्कृतिक अध्ययन <p>Not Available. Read with Text</p> प्रभा मरहठ्ठा कोइराला Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 160 169 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36904 The Saptagandaki Journal - Editorial Vol.11 <p>Not Available</p> Editorial Board Copyright (c) 2020 Saptagandaki Journal 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 11 4 7 10.3126/sj.v11i0.36911