Triyuga Academic Journal <p>Triyuga Academic Journal is published by the Research Management Cell (RMC) of Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus, Gaighat Udayapur, Nepal. It is a multidisciplinary journal which focuses on language, literature, economics, politics, population, information technology, and social issues.</p> Research Management Cell of Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus en-US Triyuga Academic Journal 2661-6041 <p>© Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus</p> Real Story in Reel Life; Ethnographic Description of Contemporary Nepalese Films <p>The main purpose of this study is to investigate the ethnographic picture of the five different social films of Nepal. This study looks at the representation of social life in contemporary five social films directed by men and women till 2018. Based on background quantitative data as well as a qualitative content analysis, this paper found that portrayals of film life juxtapose to real life. The focus of the films, story of the films, message of the films were analyzed anthropologically as the life, character, story that are found in films are the part or the representation of our social life. The messages that are passes from the film are the product of that particular society. It is the representative expression of all social life, aspiration, problems that are found all over the country. Mainly, different contents in films were found though same territory, people, but different is the message, time, characters, story, etc. found the content. Their films of different genres were found. Five different films or reel contents were analyzed and found different stories, role, but represent the real life of different era or time presented differently. That’s why films are also the means of study of the society, culture and anything else associated with human life anthropologically because films are the part and product of the particular society and culture.</p> Bishnu Prasad Dahal Copyright (c) 2021 Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 1 17 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45616 Relationship of Kusunda to other Caste and Ethnic groups of Nepal <p>The endangered ethnic community Kusunda primarily resides in the western and mid-western part in Tanahu, Gorkha, Arghakhachi, Kapilwastu, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Dang, and Surkhet districts of Nepal. It is smallest ethnic groups, according to the census of 2011, which has the total number of population 23. But from the field study, they have 151 population and 40 households. Then language, cultural traditions, traditional knowledge and technologies are on the verge of extinction. Now they have been formulating new cultural codes, dress, festivals and trying to adapt to new environment by establishing the relationship to other caste/ethnic groups of Nepal. This article mainly concerns Kusunda people and their relationships to other caste and ethnic groups of Nepal.</p> Gokarna Prasad Gyanwali Copyright (c) 2021 Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 18 28 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45617 Perspectives of Science Teachers on the Use of ICT Facilities in Secondary Schools Biology Teaching <p>Recently, the use of ICT tools in teaching-learning has increased rapidly. The main objective of the research focused on the perspectives of teachers on the use of ICT tools and their effects on biology teaching. This study followed a quantitative survey research design. Altogether 55 biology teachers were selected from all the community and institutional schools of Siraha district where the science stream is running in classes 11 &amp; 12. The data were collected through closed questionnaires and analyzed by using SPSS software like t-tests, mean, standard deviation and significance level. The data showed that almost all schools had minimum requirements of ICT tools. The majority of teachers had good knowledge about MS-applications, social sites and social media platforms, except one third didn’t know about it. Although the majority of biology teachers had poor practice about the use of ICT integrated in the classroom and they didn’t realize their pedagogical effects. Teacher’s level of qualification, ICT qualification and style of teaching etc., the independents were significantly associated with teachers ICT knowledge and ICT effects dependent factors. It is expected that the outcomes of this research provide proper information and suggestions to those who are responsible for integrating new technologies in school teaching particularly biology subjects.</p> Rajeshwer Pd Yadap Copyright (c) 2021 Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 29 38 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45618 Sustainable Livelihoods Approach: Alternative to Rural Development <p>The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of sustainable livelihoods as a strategy for rural development. This paper explores how, under different contexts, sustainable livelihoods approach is useful on behalf of different livelihood strategies. This paper is basically based on secondary sources and interpretation is made as a content analysis method. People centered, holistic, dynamic, sustainable, micro-macro links etc. are the key principles of sustainable livelihoods approach. Policy makers are always concerned with the approaches to rural development in emerging country. This research also provides applied knowledge to fulfill the policy gap with reference to rural development. Further, it provides the guidelines to the decision makers, planners and academia, especially for the developing countries to understand the important lessons regarding rural development intervention.</p> Bhaba Datta Sapkota Copyright (c) 2021 Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 39 45 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45619 Impact of Education on Economy <p>Education is a human capital investment, which is expected to yield results that will translate to the improvement and growth of the economy of a nation. So this paper explores the importance of education in economic development, the relation between education and the economy, and the impact of education on the economy. The effect can be seen in areas with a high percentage of well-educated people who can channel their knowledge into concrete actions that lead to the development of the economy in comparison to those areas where there are few well-educated people. A country’s economy becomes more productive as the proportion of educated workers increases since educated workers can more efficiently carry out tasks that require literacy and critical thinking.</p> Puspa Raj Kuwar Copyright (c) 2021 Triyuga Janata Multiple Campus 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 46 51 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45620 चाम्लिङभाषाको पुस्तान्तरण {Generation of Chamling language} <p>Available with fulltext.</p> कैलाश कुमार Kailash Kumar राई Rai Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 52 62 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45675 सूर्य गिरफ्तार सङ्ग्रहका कवितामा किरात सभ्यता {Kirat Civilization in the Poems of Surya Arrested Collection} <p>Available with fulltext.</p> धनप्रसाद Dhanprasad सुबेदी Subedi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 63 73 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45677 छापामा बलात्कारका घटना : सामाजिक बिशेषता र कारक तत्वहरुको विश्लेषण {Incidents of Rape in the Press: Analysis of Social Characteristics and Factors} <p>Available with Full text</p> पुष्पराज Pushparaj राई Rai Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 74 89 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45678 संग्रामबहादुर सार्की कथामा सबाल्टर्न {Subaltern in the story of Sangram Bahadur Sarki} <p>Available with Full text</p> गोकुल Gokul पोख्रेल Pokhrel Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 90 100 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45679 गजल सङ्क्षिप्त चिनारी {Ghazal brief introduction} <p>Available with Full text</p> टीकाराम Tikaram नेपाल Nepal Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 101 107 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45683 विश्वामित्र-मेनका खण्डकाव्यमा सृंगार रस {Sringar Rasa in Vishwamitra-Men's Khandakavya} <p>Available with Full text.</p> माधव Madhav प्रसाद prasad नेपाल Nepal Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 108 115 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45684 मृगतृष्णा कथामा लैङ्गिक चेतना {Gender consciousness in the story of Mrigatrishna} <p>Available with fulltext.</p> टीकाप्रसाद Tikaprasad पौडेलः Poudel Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 116 126 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45721 देवकोटाको पागल कविता : शब्दार्थ बोध {Devkota's crazy poem: Semantics} <p>Available with fulltext</p> कृष्ण Krishna प्रधान Pradhan Copyright (c) 2021 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 127 136 10.3126/taj.v2i1.45722