Types of Dyslipidemia in Type 2 DM Patients of Bhubaneswar region
Keywords:Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Dyslipidemia, Lipid Profile, Triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, Total Cholesterol
BACKGROUND: A characteristic pattern, termed dyslipidemia, consists of deranged of any single components of lipid profile test. This pattern is most frequently seen in diabetes and may be a preventable risk factor for subsequent cardiovascular disease. This study determined the influence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on lipid profile of diabetic patients reporting in a tertiary hospital in Bhubaneswar, India.
METHODS: 50 confirmed T2DM patients and 50 non-diabetic control subjects were selected for the study. Fasting and 2 hours post prandial blood samples were collected from both study and control patients. Fasting blood sample was analyzed for lipid profile test and serum glucose, and post prandial sample was analyzed for serum glucose only.
RESULTS: Sixty two (62%) of diabetic patients were males whilst thirty eight (38%) were females in this study. The mean plasma glucose levels, Total cholesterol and Triacylglycerol were significantly raised in the diabetics as compared to those in the control subjects. This is substantiated by the fact that the entire lipid fractions are disturbed in diabetics as compared to healthy controls.
CONCLUSION: Thus dyslipidemia was quite common in diabetes and Hypertriglyceridemia was the most common one.
Ann. Clin. Chem. & Lab. Med. 1(1) 2015: 33-36
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