Sex determination using mastoid process

Authors

  • Jigyasa Passey GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UP
  • Suniti R Mishra GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh
  • Rahul Singh GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh
  • K Sushobhna GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh
  • Shailendra Singh GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh
  • Priyanka Sinha GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12406

Keywords:

Mastoid length, Mastoid process, Sexual dimorphism, Skull

Abstract

Objective: Osteometric studies using individual bones have been a topic of interest among researchers. Such researches are a tool for conducting studies related to evolution, demographic profiles and forensic sciences. Skull is important in this regard as it resists adverse environmental conditions over time. The mastoid process can thus be used as a marker of sex as well as ancestry of individuals and populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of mastoid process as a tool for sex determination in unidentified skeleton.

Materials and Methods: 70 (44 male and 26 female) complete undamaged skulls of known sex were used for the study. Mastoid length was recorded on the right and left mastoid process in each skull. Measurements were made with a digital vernier caliper.

Results: Statistics revealed high significance (p<0.0001) for the mastoid length for sex determination.

Conclusion: Reports on the use of mastoid process as a tool for sex estimation in unidentified human skeleton have been reported in different populations. The present study supports this finding among the Indian population.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12406

Asian Journal of Medical Sciences Vol.6(6) 2015 93-95

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Author Biographies

Jigyasa Passey, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UP

Junior Resident

Suniti R Mishra, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh

Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy

Rahul Singh, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh

Junior Resident

K Sushobhna, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh

Junior Resident

Shailendra Singh, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh

Lecturer

Priyanka Sinha, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UttarPradesh

Junior Resident

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Published

2015-06-01

How to Cite

Passey, J., Mishra, S. R., Singh, R., Sushobhna, K., Singh, S., & Sinha, P. (2015). Sex determination using mastoid process. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 6(6), 93–95. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12406

Issue

Section

Short Communications