Evaluation of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Authors

  • Devendra Pratap Singh Rajput L.N.medical college, Bhopal
  • Javed Yusuf Shah L.N.medical college, Bhopal
  • Priti Singh L.N.medical college, Bhopal
  • Shyransh Jain L.N.medical college, Bhopal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12452

Keywords:

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Dyslipidemia

Abstract

Back ground: In type 2 diabetes mellitus lipid abnormalities are almost the rule. Dyslipidemia has been noted to play an integral role in the pathogenesis and progression of micro and macrovascular complications in diabetes mellitus patients. The complications exemplified by renal, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease cause the most morbidity and mortality in this group of patients.

Aims and Objectives: This study is aimed at understanding the pattern of dyslipidemia among type 2 diabetic patients.

Materials and Methods: During two month study period, total 100 patients with diabetes mellitus were evaluated for dyslipidemia. Plasma glucose was estimated by GOD –POD method and Lipid profile by photometry method. Lipid profile was evaluated by investigating the subjects for total cholesterol, serum triglyceride, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein. In statistical analysis data were analyzed by using various statistical methods like percentage, proportions and tables by using epi info software.

Results: Out of 100 patients 72(72%) were males and 28(28%) were females. The mean  fasting blood sugar of total patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was 158.35mg/dl. in male diabetics, fasting blood sugar level with diabetes mellitus was 157.56mg/dl and in female diabetics it was 159.14mg/dl. The pattern of dyslipidemia in our study showed significantly higher levels of serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, LDL-C in both male and female diabetics and lower levels of HDL-C in female diabetics. There was no significant difference in lipid profile pattern in male and female diabetic patients except lower levels of HDL-C in female diabetic patients.

Conclusion: This study showed that dyslipidemia is highly prevalent among type 2 diabetic patients.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12452

Asian Journal of Medical Sciences Vol.6(6) 2015 16-19                                     

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
932
PDF
1429

Author Biographies

Devendra Pratap Singh Rajput, L.N.medical college, Bhopal

Associate professor, Department Of medicine

Javed Yusuf Shah, L.N.medical college, Bhopal

Assistant professor, Department Of medicine

Priti Singh, L.N.medical college, Bhopal

Assistant professor, Department Of Ophthalmology

Shyransh Jain, L.N.medical college, Bhopal

M.B.B.S. student

Downloads

Published

2015-04-28

How to Cite

Singh Rajput, D. P., Shah, J. Y., Singh, P., & Jain, S. (2015). Evaluation of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 6(6), 16–19. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v6i6.12452

Issue

Section

Original Articles