Comparative ABO blood group and rhesus factor distribution between homogenous and heterogenous populations in South Eastern Nigeria

Authors

  • Ikechukwu Eugene Onah Senior Lecturer, Entomology Unit Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2101-7894
  • Ezinne Veronica Moses Research Students, Physiology Unit Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
  • Ifeyinwa Esther Ugwuoke PhD Student, Entomology Unit Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
  • Sabina Chioma Eze PhD Students, Entomology Unit Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4308-1408
  • Jude Ifeanyichukwu Okwor PhD Student, Entomology Unit Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8361-059X
  • Patience Obiageli Ubachukwu Professor and Head, Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0902-4052

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i5.25013

Keywords:

ABO, Rhesus factor, Blood transfusion

Abstract

Background: The ABO blood group and Rhesus (Rh) factor remain the most important blood group in transfusion medicine. Knowledge of ABO and rhesus blood group distribution within a population is indispensable for transfusion medicine, clinical and marriage counselling.

Aims and Objectives: The objectives of this study were to provide data and compare the pattern of ABO and rhesus blood group distribution between a homogenous and a heterogenous population.

Material and Methods: Blood was collected from 352 University students representing a heterogenous population and 235 primary school pupils in a local community representing homogenous population. The ABO and rhesus blood groups were determined using white tile and agglutination methods.

Results: Among the 352 and 235 individuals studied in UNN and HFNP, blood groups O had the highest frequency with 54.80% and 51.06% respectively while blood group AB had the least frequency of 4.50% and 3.40% in UNN and HFNP respectively. Rhesus positive had the highest frequency of 88.63% and 95.33% while rhesus negative had the frequencies of 11.35% and 4.68% in UNN and HFNP respectively. Rhesus negative was highest among females in UNN 26 (7.37%) while males had the highest rhesus negative 7 (2.98%) in HFNP. In both study populations, there was no significant difference in ABO and rhesus blood group distribution between the males and females (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: A homogenous population is associated with low prevalence of rhesus negative compared to a heterogenous population.

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Author Biographies

Ezinne Veronica Moses, Research Students, Physiology Unit Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Physiology Ubit, Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology

Patience Obiageli Ubachukwu, Professor and Head, Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

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Published

2019-08-09

How to Cite

Onah, I. E., Moses, E. V., Ugwuoke, I. E., Eze, S. C., Okwor, J. I., & Ubachukwu, P. O. (2019). Comparative ABO blood group and rhesus factor distribution between homogenous and heterogenous populations in South Eastern Nigeria. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 10(5), 37–42. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v10i5.25013

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Original Articles