Prevalence and determinants of Systemic Hypertension in Inhabitants of high altitude of Nepal

Authors

  • Dipanker Prajapati Cardiologist, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3704-0324
  • Pratima Poudel Dermatologist, Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Nepal
  • Anish Hirachan Resident Doctor, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Kunjang Sherpa Senior Resident, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1136-6983
  • Bharosa Sharma Resident Doctor, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Dilasha Karki Resident Doctor, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Monica Yadav Resident Doctor, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Santosh Dhakal Administrative staff, Department of Administration, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Anita Dewan Matron, Department of Nursing, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Rosy Shakya Nursing In charge, Department of Nursing, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Binita Tamrakar Nursing In charge, Department of Nursing, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Urmila Shakya Administrative staff, Department of Administration, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Kiran Prasad Acharya Senior Resident, Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2765-4242

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v11i3.27064

Keywords:

Hypertension, Cardiovascular risk factors, high altitude population

Abstract

Background:  Several studies have shown increase in prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the individuals residing in high altitude in various parts of the world.

Aims and Objective: This study was conducted with an aim to estimate the prevalence and determinants of hypertension among the high-altitude population of Jomsom district of Nepal.

Materials and Methods: We carried out a prospective camp based survey in Jomsom area on 4th and 5th June of 2017 where we measured the blood pressure, recorded  anthropometric measurements like weight, height, BMI, Waist, Hip, Waist/hip ratio and maintained the thorough recorded after verbal consent of the participants.

Results: A total of 617 local residents of Jomsom were screened. The mean age was 44.4±17. 6 years with predominant female subjects (53.5% female vs. 46.5% male). Hypertension was present in 142(23.0%) which was significantly lower than in the general population of Nepal as compared to other large scale studies.  In addition, alcohol consumption in 29.3%, cigarette smoking in 15.9% and tobacco consumption in 8.3% was present. Higher BMI and waist/hip ratio was significantly associated with male sex and hypertension

Conclusion: The overall prevalence of hypertension is lower among the individuals residing in higher altitude compared to the general population although the other determinants are comparable.

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Published

2020-05-01

How to Cite

Prajapati, D., Poudel, P., Hirachan, A., Sherpa, K., Sharma, B., Karki, D., Yadav, M., Dhakal, S., Dewan, A., Shakya, R., Tamrakar, B., Shakya, U., & Acharya, K. P. (2020). Prevalence and determinants of Systemic Hypertension in Inhabitants of high altitude of Nepal. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 11(3), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v11i3.27064

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Section

Original Articles