Structural and thermal characterization of different types of cellulosic fibers

  • Jyoti Giri Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu
  • Ralf Lach Polymer Service GmbH Merseburg (PSM), Merseburg,
  • Janak Sapkota Institute of Polymer Processing, Department of Polymer Engineering and Science, Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Otto-Glockel-Strasse 2, 800 Leoben
  • Md. Abu Bin Hasan Susan Department of Chemistry, Dhaka University, Dhaka
  • Jean-Marc Saiter Université de Normandie Rouen Laboratoire SMS Faculté des Sciences and Onyx Developpment, Groupe-Nutriset, Rouen
  • Sven Henning Fraunhofer Institute for Microstructure of Materials and Systems (IMWS), Halle/S,
  • Vimal Katiyar Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati,
  • Rameshwar Adhikari Research Centre of Applied Science and Technology (RECAST), Tribhuvan University,Kathmandu
Keywords: Natural fibers, Morphology, Electron microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, Cellulose

Abstract

Micro- and nanocrystalline cellulose were extracted from wheat stalk (WS) using different thermomechanical and chemical treatments and characterized by spectroscopic, microscopic and diffraction techniques. The virgin WS fibers were found to be structurally quite similar to the commercial microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). Similar to the commercial one, the MCC extracted from the WS possessed intense infrared (IR) peaks whereas those peaks became more broader in the nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) of the same origin, which can be attributed to possible breakdown of inter- and intramolecular H-bonding due to strong acid treatment of the MCC. Microscopic results revealed characteristic textures of the MCC and the NCC, the MCC being irregular bundles of the primary crystals bound together with the amorphous phase. The latter was found to disintegrate upon acid hydrolysis giving rise to the rod-shaped nanocrystals having much larger surface area and thus possessing more intense hydrophilic character. The MCC was found to be more stable than the NCC which can be attributed to the presence of protective and binding coating provided by the amorphous cellulosic matter.

BIBECHANA 16 (2019) 177-186

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Abstract
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PDF
377
Published
2018-11-22
How to Cite
Giri, J., Lach, R., Sapkota, J., Susan, M. A., Saiter, J.-M., Henning, S., Katiyar, V., & Adhikari, R. (2018). Structural and thermal characterization of different types of cellulosic fibers. BIBECHANA, 16, 177-186. https://doi.org/10.3126/bibechana.v16i0.21650
Section
Research Article