An overview on the non-destructive in-depth surface analysis of corrosion-resistant films: A case study of W-xCr deposits in 12 M HCl solution
Non-destructive in-depth analysis of the surface films formed on the sputter-deposited binary W-xCr (x = 25, 57, 91 at %) alloys in 12 M HCl solution open to air at 30 °C was investigated using an angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (AR-XPS) technique to understand the synergistic corrosion resistance effects of showing very low corrosion rates, even lower than both alloying metals of the deposits. The average corrosion rates of these three tungsten-based sputter deposits found to be more than five orders of magnitude (between 3.1 × 10−3 and 7.2 × 10−3 mm/y) to that of chromium and also nearly one order of magnitude lower than that of tungsten metals. Such high corrosion resistance of the sputter-deposited W-xCr alloys is due to the formation of homogeneous passive double oxyhydroxide film consisting of Wox and Cr4+ cations without any concentration gradient in-depth after immersion in 12 M HCl solution open to air at 30 °C from the study of the non-destructive depth profiling technique of AR-XPS. Consequently, both alloying elements of tungsten and niobium are acted synergistically in enhancing the high corrosion resistance properties of the alloys in such aggressive electrolyte.
BIBECHANA 18 (1) (2021) 201-213
Copyright (c) 2021 Jagadish Bhattarai
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