Epidemiology of Camel Brucellosis Intended for Export from Kassala State – Eastern Sudan

Authors

  • Hussein Bashir Researcher
  • Hatim Hamad Abraheem Central veterinary research laboratory, Madani St, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Maha Ibrahim Khogly Central veterinary research laboratory, Madani St, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Eslah Abedelhabib Dafaallh Central veterinary research laboratory, Madani St, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Salah Hassan Idris Central veterinary research laboratory, Madani St, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Hussam Aldeen Mustafa Abdelrazig Bilal Central veterinary research laboratory, Madani St, Khartoum, Sudan
  • Yassir Adam Shuaib Gadarif state ministry of livestock, Sudan
  • Nada Elamein Mohammed Wad Medani Veterinary Research Laboratory, Sudan
  • Mohamed Abdelsalam Abdalla 4University of Sudan faculty of veterinary medicine, Sudan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v10i4.48495

Keywords:

brucellosis ., Kassla ..Camels Elisa

Abstract

Summary

This study was designed to determine the seroprevalence rate of Brucellosis and to identify the risk factors for Brucella infection in camels intended for export from Kassala State. A total of 400 blood samples were collected for serum from all Kassala localities, tested using Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT) and Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay C.ELISA). The prevalence rate was (29.5 %) and (27.8%) based on the results of  RBPT and  C.ELISA respectively. According to sex, the prevalence rate of  the disease was (30.4%) out of 335 in males and (24.6%) out of 65 in females. There were no clinical signs of camel's Brucellosis in all tested animals. The prevalence of the disease was (14.4%) in Rural KhashmElgerba, (15.3%) in North Delta, (8.5%) in Wad Elhilau, Rural Kassala (11.9%), Hamashkoreb (12.7%), Rustic Arouma (14.4%), Talkook (16.9%) and Atbra river locality (5.9%) with a significant statistical difference. Herds with more than 20 camels were more frequently affected. In this study the Seroprevalence of Brucella was (9.3 %) in young (1-2 years) and (23.7%) in adult camels (above 5 years). The results of the present study provide the status of seropositivity to Brucella in camels intended for export  in Kassala State and the risk factors that contribute to prevalence of Brucellosis among camels. This situation requires more attention and effort to implement.

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 10(4): 216-220.

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Published

2022-12-30

How to Cite

Bashir, H., Abraheem, H. H., Khogly, M. I., Dafaallh, E. A., Idris, S. H., Bilal, H. A. M. A., Shuaib, Y. A., Mohammed, N. E., & Abdalla, M. A. (2022). Epidemiology of Camel Brucellosis Intended for Export from Kassala State – Eastern Sudan . International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 10(4), 216–220. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v10i4.48495

Issue

Section

Research Articles: Biological Sciences