Physiochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Selected Sachet Water in Jere and Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria

Authors

  • Mohammed Modu Aji Department of Chemical Engineering University of Maiduguri, Borno State
  • Shettima Abba Kyar Department of Chemistry Federal College of Education Technical (FCE) Potiskum, Yobe State
  • Mustapha Hussaini Department of Chemical Engineering University of Maiduguri, Borno State

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ije.v4i1.12177

Keywords:

NAFDAC, WHO, NSDWQ, Standard, Sachet Water

Abstract

 The study involved the determination of some physiochemical and bacteriological properties in sachet-water samples taken within selected geopolitical wards in Jere and Maiduguri Metropolis. The purpose was to ascertain the quality of sachet water sold for consumption within the area. Ten samples were drawn, five from each study area. The samples were analysed for temperature, colour, turbidity, pH, conductivity, iron, total alkalinity and total dissolved solid. Bacteriological analysis was also carried out using multiple tube (most probable number) technique for enumeration of both total coli form count and differential Escherichia coli count. Other physical examination like volume, National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC) registration number, batch number, production date and expiry date were also examined. The results obtained were compared with World Health Organization (WHO), NAFDAC and Nigeria Standard of Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ). Variations were observed among the entire samples in comparison with the standard. Some of the parameters conform to the standard like the Tempreture, pH, colour, odour, iron content and NAFDAC registration number while others like TDS, total alkalinity and volumetric quantity fell below the standard. The bacteriological analysis also showed that 80% of the samples studied revealed the presence of coliforms. Hence, there is need for regulatory agencies like NAFDAC and Standard Organisation of Nigeria (SON) to intensify effort in the routine monitoring of quality of sachet water marketed for consumption.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v4i1.12177

 International Journal of Environment

Volume-4, Issue-1, Dec-Feb 2014/15, page: 48-57

 

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Published

2015-02-22

How to Cite

Aji, M. M., Kyar, S. A., & Hussaini, M. (2015). Physiochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Selected Sachet Water in Jere and Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria. International Journal of Environment, 4(1), 48–57. https://doi.org/10.3126/ije.v4i1.12177

Issue

Section

Research Papers