This journal is not accepting submissions at this time.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Copyright Statement:

  • Copyright on any research article is transferred in full to International Journal of Environment upon publication.   The copyright transfer includes the right to reproduce and distribute the article in any form of reproduction (printing, electronic media or any other form).
  • Articles in the International Journal of Environment are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC License (
  • This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

Focus and Scope of the Journal
The International Journal of Environment (IJE) is a peer reviewed journal, aiming to publish high quality original articles (not published or submitted elsewhere for publication) on diverse issues of the Environmental Sciences particularly in the fields of agriculture, entomology, soil science, agro-forestry, food chemistry, environmental health, biochemistry, biotechnology, microbiology, taxonomy, environmental economics, ecology, natural resources, biodiversity, environmental management and policy, climate change, pollution, health and environmental risk assessment, toxicology, epidemiology, land use and management, ecosystem services, environmental modelling, nanomaterials, plant science, GIS and remote sensing, waste and water treatment. IJE provides a platform for Nepalese and international researchers especially in Asia and Africa to publish good articles in different areas of the environment. IJE publishes original research works, article reviews, short communications and commentaries.

The editors discourage submission of papers from studies such as anthropology, genetics and genomics, evolution, ethnomedicine, animal science (pasture and forage, breeding, nutrition and health), aquaculture and seed science. Experimental studies without a testable hypothesis are also discouraged.

Article Processing Charges
International Journal of Environment does NOT charge article submission fees and it does NOT charge article processing fees.


  1. An author's major commitment is to present a concise, accurate account of the research performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.

  2. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to public sources of information to permit the author's peers to repeat the work.

  3. An author should cite those publications that have been significant in determining the nature of the reported work and that will guide the reader quickly to the earlier work that is essential for understanding the present investigation.

  4. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported in the author's work without explicit permission from the investigator with whom the information is originated.

  5. Fragmentation of research papers should be avoided. A scientist who has done extensive work on a system or group of related systems should organize publication so that each paper gives a complete sense of the general study.

  6. It is unethical for an author to publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication.

  7. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently is unethical and unacceptable.

  8. After receipt of research paper, your paper will be sent to two reviewers, and both reviewers should approve the paper. Their decision regarding acceptance will be final and binding. The editorial board reserves the right to condense or make changes to the research article. When revision of a manuscript is requested, authors should return the revised version of their manuscript as soon as possible.

  9. Authors will receive a PDF file with the edited version of their manuscript for final proofreading/galley proof. This is the last opportunity to view an article before its publication on the journal web site. The galley proof must be confirmed within three (3) days. No changes or modifications can be introduced once it is published.
Manuscripts accepted for publication are published on-line.
After publication, the corresponding author is notified by email and receives a PDF file with the published version of the manuscript.
A properly completed copyright form must be provided for each accepted manuscript and should be duly signed, scanned and sent via email to the managing editor. Delay in sending the form will automatically delay the publication of the paper.

  10. An author should make no changes to a paper after it has gone through the galley proof. If there is a compelling reason to make changes, the author is obligated to inform the editor directly of the nature of the desired change. Only the editor has the final authority to approve any such requested changes. The Galley Proof (GP) of the papers are the final ones which will be made to the public.

  11. A criticism of a published paper may be justified; however, in no case is personal criticism considered acceptable.

  12. Only persons who have significantly contributed to the research should be listed as authors. The corresponding author attests that any others named as authors have seen the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. The author who submits a manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of having included as co-authors all persons appropriate and none inappropriate.  

The International Journal of Environment (IJE) welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. 

Electronic submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (must be in Times New Roman font).

Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachments to the editorial office at: A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author on the same day or within 48 hours.

Along with manuscript file, a separate cover letter must be submitted during the manuscript submission process. The cover letter should include the research title, author and co-author (if applicable) contact information and should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor, with the file, labelled with the first author's surname, as an attachment. The cover letter should contain a brief description of the research you are reporting in your manuscript, why it is significant, and why you think the readers of the journal would be interested in it. The total size of the file (manuscript and cover letter) should not exceed 2 MB. All matter should be typed in Times New Roman Font 12 point.

Spelling: Either British or American but not mixed.

Units: S.I. Use negative indices rather than / and leave spaces between symbols, e.g. m s-1 not ms-1 or m/s. Local units and measures can be used in parenthesis. Currency exchange rates should be in US$ along with the local currency for the appropriate date for any prices cited.

Dates: Reported with day of the month first, then month, followed by the year with comma (,). For example, 12 Sep, 2019.

Symbols: Define in text 

Math: Should be written in Equation Editor/Math Type

Full-length research works, reviews, short communications and commentaries should not exceed 8000 words, 9000, 2000 and 4000, respectively (including abstract, figures, and tables but excluding references and appendix). Kindly note that small figures and tables each count as 200 words, and large figures and tables may count for 400 or more words. Extra materials can go to an appendix that appear at the end of a paper (below references). Papers should be divided as follows:

Title, Authors' names with institutional address and email, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, References and Appendix (if available).

Authors’ names and affiliations

The preferred form of an author’s name is first name middle name (if available) family name. Omit all titles (e.g., Dr., Professor) and degrees (e.g., MSc, PhD).

The authors’ affiliation at the time of conducting the research should be given, more than two affiliations per author is not allowed. If an author has no institutional affiliation, state the city, district, province and the country of residence. The names of authors should appear in the order of their contributions.

Ram K.C.1, Shyam Gautam1,2*, Sarita Kumari Pandey1 and Y.P. Rana2
1Department of Botany, University of AAAAAA, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of BBBBBB, Riverside, CA 82841, USA

*Corresponding author:

The ORCID iD of the corresponding author is a must; the iD icon need to be hyperlinked to the iD URI. You may visit this site for getting the iD,

Title: It should be concise and informative. Avoid formulas, abbreviations and shortcut words in titles. For any species or genotypes, mention both names, common name and scientific name. Scientific name in the title should be in italic and parenthesis. A title should include specific location if possible. Below the title, name and affiliations of all authors should be given (as above).  

Abstract: 250 words maximum. Include main points of the paper without any cited references. It should highlight rationale, objectives, materials and methods, main results, conclusions and recommendations.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of five keywords, in alphabetical order. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be careful with abbreviations; only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be authorised. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Introduction: Should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, motivation of the research, and the proposed approach or solution. State the objectives of the work clearly. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Materials and methods: Should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced and should include the study area (location map, altitude, latitude and longitude). New methods should be described in detail and for methods developed by earlier researcher, should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described. Equations should be written in Equation Editor/Math Type. They should be numbered as...............Eq. (1) and so on. All the new symbols must be clearly explained. 

Results: Should be presented with clarity and precision. Avoid presenting data that are already given in Tables and Figures. Should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Results should be explained, but without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be in the discussion section. The results section can include subheadings.

Discussion: Should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in the current study and past studies on the topic. The discussion section can include subheadings. When appropriate, the two sections (Results and Discussion) can be combined. 

Conclusion: The conclusion, recommendation and way forward-all comes under this heading. Based on your results, state the conclusions in a few sentences.

Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be brief.

Tables: Should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals (Table 1) and supplied with a title and footnotes. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the footnotes. The same data should not be presented in both a table and a graph or repeated in the text.

Figures: Should follow Arabic numerals to designate figure numbers and upper-case letters for their parts (Fig. 1A). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reference to the text of the manuscript. Graphics should be prepared with applications capable of generating high-resolution (at least 300 dpi) JPEG before pasting into the Microsoft Word manuscript file.

Both the tables and figures should be embedded in the file containing the main body of the manuscript text. In total the number of figures and tables in the manuscript should not exceed 10.

Citations (In-Text Example)

Font shape must be Times New Roman and font size must be 12.

Last name(s) of author(s) and the year of publication should be included. Citations in manuscript should be formatted as follows:

One author: (Sharma, 2020) or Sharma (2020)

Two authors: (Gurung and Pandey, 2020) or Gurung and Pandey (2020)

Three or more authors: First author's last name followed by 'et al.' For example: (Shrestha et al., 2020) or Shrestha et al. (2020)

Group of citations: Many references when cited in the parenthesis should first be cited chronologically and then alphabetically. For example: (Silwal and Magar, 2014; Adhikari, 2016; Bhatta, 2016; Rai et al., 2017)

References (Reference List Example)

Font shape must be Times New Roman and font size must be 12.

References should be arranged alphabetically by the last name of the first author. If the last name of the first author is the same in two or more references, the last name of the second author and so on should be followed while preparing the final reference list.

Referencing style for journal articles

Surname, Given Name Initial. Second Name Initial (if available)., Published year. Paper Title. Full Name of Journal (italics), Volume Number (Issue Number): XX-XX (page ranges). (Insert DOI link) 

Ashraf, A., Akbar, G., 2020. Addressing Climate Change Risks Influencing Cryosphere-Fed Kuhl Irrigation System in the Upper Indus Basin of Pakistan. International Journal of Environment, 9(2): 184–203.

Bhandari, G., Atreya, K., Yang, X., Fan, L., Geissen, V., 2018. Factors affecting pesticide safety behaviour: The perceptions of Nepalese farmers and retailers. Science of The Total Environment, 631-632: 1560-1571.

Paudyal, H., Pangeni, B., Basnet, P., Inoue, K., 2021. Studies on the Removal of Sr(II) Ions from Water Using Carbonized Orange Juice Residue. International Journal of Environment, 10(2): 83–98.

Referencing style for book

Book references should include the details of author(s), year of publication, title of the book, publisher’s name, location, page number and ISBN or DOI number. For example:

Klipp, E., Liebermeister, W., Wierling, C., Kowald, A., 2016. Systems Biology: A Textbook (Second Edition). Wiley-Blackwell, USA, p. 504, ISBN: 978-3-527-33636-4  

Swartz, W., 2019. Descriptive psychology and the person concept: Essential attributes of persons and behavior. Academic Press, USA, p. 269.

Referencing style for book chapter

Athiappana, M.,  Dinesh Kumara, S., Umamaheswarib, S., Rajaprabua, M.,  2022. Rhizosphere Engineering. Rhizosphere engineering through pesticides-degrading beneficial bacteria (p. 239-257). Academic Press (AP), USA.

Rattan, A., 2019. How lay theories (or mindsets) shape the confrontation of prejudice. In R. K. Mallett & M. J. Monteith (Eds.), Confronting prejudice and discrimination: The science of changing minds and behaviors (p. 121-140). Academic Press, USA.

Referencing style for Report

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO), 2017. Report of the Joint Meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Core Assessment Group on Pesticide Residues, Paper No. 232, Rome, Italy, p. 104, ISBN: 978-92-5-130070-1

Referencing style for paper published in conference proceedings

Morgan, R., Meldrum, K., Bryan, S., Mathiesen, B., Yakob, N., Esa, N., Ziden, A. A., 2017. Embedding digital literacies in curricula: Australian and Malaysian experiences. In G. B. Teh & S. C. Choy (Eds.), Empowering 21st century learners through holistic and enterprising learning: Selected papers from Tunku Abdul Rahman University College International Conference 2016 (p. 11-19). Springer.

Referencing style for Theses  

Mosek, E., 2017. Team flow: The missing piece in performance [PhD Thesis, Victoria University]. Victoria University Research Repository.

Dahal, B.M., 2008. Arsenic Contamination of Soils and Agricultural Plants through Irrigation Water in Nepal [PhD Thesis, Faculty of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Nepal]. TUCL Institutional Repository.

Updated on: 07 April 2022

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Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
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  • reviewing interests
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How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

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We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 18 May 2018)