Trends In Seasonal Precipitation And Temperature – A Review In Doti And Surkhet Districts Of Nepal
Keywords:Rainfall, Temperature, Cereals, Doti, Surkhet
Rainfall and temperature are the crucial factors for affecting the yield of cereals. The annual mean temperature in Surkhet and Doti district is 21.47°C and 22.84°C respectively. The annual total rainfall in Doti and Surkhet district is 1145 mm and 1609 mm respectively. The average seasonal rainfall in (July-November) in Doti and Surkhet is 670.7 mm and 1109 mm. The average seasonal rainfall in (November-March) in Doti and Surkhet is 168 mm and 135 mm. The average seasonal rainfall in (March-June) in Doti and Surkhet is 352 mm and 389 mm. The average seasonal mean temperature in (July-November) in Doti and Surkhet is 25.76°C and 23.7°C. The average seasonal mean temperature in (November-March) in Doti and Surkhet is 16.67°C and 15.48°C. The average seasonal mean temperature in (March-June) in Doti and Surkhet is 25.5°C and 24.69°C. The analysis of meteorological data indicated that the temperature of both districts is on a rising trend. It has been observed no any trend in total seasonal rainfall during wheat and barley growing season (November-March) in Surkhet. Also, the seasonal total rainfall during maize growing period (March-June) has not shown any trend in Doti. Besides, decreasing trend of annual rainfall has been observed in Doti whereas increasing trend of annual rainfall is observed in Surkhet. The temperature in 1985 in Doti and Surkhet has increased and the rainfall in the same year and same districts has decreased that has negatively affected the yield of all the major cereals except wheat.
International Journal of Environment, Volume-2, Issue-1, Sep-Nov 2013, Pages 269-279
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