Pulmonary Function of Petrol filling Workers from West Bengal, India

Authors

  • Anindita Mandal Raja Peary Mohan College, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India
  • Nabamita Mukherjee Serampore College, Serampore, Hooghly, West Bengal, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v10i1.29879

Keywords:

Odds Ratio, Pulmonary function, Petrol filling workers, Prevalence of respiratory diseases

Abstract

Background: There are many petrol filling stations in an urban and semi-urban area of Hooghly District of West Bengal and a large number of attendants work in these stations. They are constantly exposed to petrol vapour as well as motor vehicle fuel which might lead to respiratory problems in workers.

Objectives: To assess the pulmonary function of Petrol Filling Workers of West Bengal and to evaluate the effect of duration of exposure on those Parameters.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study design. Pulmonary function test was done among 52 Petrol filling workers and 20 office workers of college as well as students of those institutions of Hooghly district and nearby area of Kolkata by simple random sampling method. Pulmonary function parameters were assessed by digital expirograph (Spirovit SP1) and Wright’s Peak Flow Meter. A questionnaire was filled up by invigilator regarding years of exposure, respiratory abnormalities, smoking habit and any other diseases. All the study protocol was approved by the Human Ethical Committee of Raja Peary Mohan College and Serampore college

Results:-From the above survey, it was observed that respiratory volume and capacities significantly(p<0.05-0.001) decreased with an increase in years of exposure. Odds ratios of different respiratory diseases (OR ranges from 1.12-3.12) indicate the risk of developing a cough, phlegm, asthma, skin diseases among petrol filling workers.

Conclusion:- Safe threshold level of benzene VOC exposed in Petrol station is needed to protect the health of workers. Besides periodic health check-up, use of protective gadgets, improvement of technology and control strategies to reduce air emission of benzene  VOC is essential to protect the health of Petrol filling workers of West Bengal.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
291
pdf
303

Author Biographies

Anindita Mandal, Raja Peary Mohan College, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India

Associate Professor, Department of Physiology

Nabamita Mukherjee, Serampore College, Serampore, Hooghly, West Bengal, India

Research Worker, Department of Physiology

Downloads

Published

2020-07-05

How to Cite

Mandal, A., & Mukherjee, N. (2020). Pulmonary Function of Petrol filling Workers from West Bengal, India. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 10(1), 28–37. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijosh.v10i1.29879

Issue

Section

Original Articles