Urban Energy Scenario of Household Sector in Bhaktapur Municipality for Sustainable Energy Development

Authors

  • Raj Kumar K.C. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Amrit Man Nakarmi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jacem.v6i0.38342

Keywords:

GHG emission, Household characteristic, Demand

Abstract

This study aims to analyse energy scenarios of Bhaktapur Municipality through primary data survey of 165 houses as a function of household's characteristics. Three scenarios are considered business-as-usual (BAU), Sustainable Energy scenario (SED) and Accelerated Growth Scenario (AGS). BAU, SED and AGS show an expected energy growth at annual rates of4.08%, 3.71% and 4.01%; with economic growth of 4.6%, 7.0% and 9.2% respectively. Whereas, the electricity consumption per household in the SEDand AGS are 3,840KWh and 4,698KWh respectively, lies in tier-5 as per SDG. Fuel imported cost NRs. 471 million and NRs. 523 million can be saved in SED and AGS Scenarios respectively as compare to BAU scenario. Overall, under all three scenarios, it was found that total GHG emission in 2018 was 7.59 kilotons to nil in 2030 for SED and AGS.Furthermore,NPV value in AGS and SED scenarios are in negative value which means both scenarios is economically viable.

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Published

2021-07-09

How to Cite

K.C., R. K., & Nakarmi, A. M. (2021). Urban Energy Scenario of Household Sector in Bhaktapur Municipality for Sustainable Energy Development. Journal of Advanced College of Engineering and Management, 6, 99–109. https://doi.org/10.3126/jacem.v6i0.38342

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Articles