Impact of COVID-19 on community health: A systematic review of a population of 82 million

  • Brijesh Sathian Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  • Mohammad Asim Hamad General Hospital, Doha Qatar
  • Ahammed Mekkodathil Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  • Edwin R. van Teijlingen Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK
  • Supram Hosuru Subramanya Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
  • Padam Simkhada School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, UK
  • Sujan Babu Marahatta Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Umid Kumar Shrestha Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Sainbu, Bhaisepati, Lalitpur, Nepal
Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, quarantine, hand hygiene, community health, PPE

Abstract

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by the pathogenic severe acute respiratory syndrome-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus, is exponentially spreading across the globe. As there is paucity of published literature, the influence of COVID-19 on community health remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a systematic review of the literature on the impact of COVID-19 on community health. The current systematic review was performed utilizing electronic databases, i.e., PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE. We searched for the keywords "COVID-19" AND "community health" between January 1, 2020, until May 10, 2020. Although, limited evidence is available regarding quarantine to prevent COVID‐19, most studies considered quarantine as an essential public health measure to minimize rate of infection and mortality. Under these circumstances, people should focus on maintaining personal hygiene, proper nutrition, and extreme social distancing to reduce the risk of COVID-19. Besides, that there is a need to provide professional psychological support to reduce mental ill-health. We have highlighted two different public health approaches in South Asian countries, namely Nepal and India.

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Author Biographies

Brijesh Sathian, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar

Surgery Department, Trauma Surgery and
Centre for Midwifery, Maternal and Perinatal Health, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK

Mohammad Asim, Hamad General Hospital, Doha Qatar

Surgery Department, Trauma Surgery

Ahammed Mekkodathil, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar

Surgery Department, Trauma Surgery

Edwin R. van Teijlingen, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK

Centre for Midwifery, Maternal and Perinatal Health and
Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Nobel College, Pokhara University, Nepal

Padam Simkhada, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield, UK

Centre for Midwifery, Maternal and Perinatal Health and
Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Nobel College, Pokhara University, Nepal
Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK

Sujan Babu Marahatta, Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Nepal Open University, Lalitpur, Nepal

Umid Kumar Shrestha, Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Sainbu, Bhaisepati, Lalitpur, Nepal

Principal Consultant, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Published
2020-05-28
How to Cite
Sathian, B., Asim, M., Mekkodathil, A., van Teijlingen, E., Subramanya, S., Simkhada, P., Marahatta, S., & Shrestha, U. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on community health: A systematic review of a population of 82 million. Journal of Advances in Internal Medicine, 9(1), 4-11. https://doi.org/10.3126/jaim.v9i1.29159
Section
Review Articles