Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain and Electroencephalogram (EEG) in the Evaluation of New-Onset Seizures in a Tertiary Care Centre of Nepal

Authors

  • BR Pokharel Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5577-9643
  • P Upadhaya Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • GR Sharma Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • SJ Budathoki Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • AMS Maharjan Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • G Kharel Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • S Phuyal Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jaim.v10i2.42171

Keywords:

epilepsy, electroencephalography, magnetic resonance imaging, seizure

Abstract

Introduction: Seizure is a common neurological condition with multiple etiological factors. This study aims to evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Brain and electroencephalography (EEG) in the diagnosis of new-onset seizures in the Nepalese population.

Methods: A total of 106 patients aged between 7 to 85 years of age with first onset seizure, who underwent MRI and EEG were enrolled in the study. The sensitivity of MRI and EEG for the diagnosis of seizure when used in combination was compared with that of MRI or EEG alone.

Results: Out of 106 patients, 58.5% (n=62) were males and 41.5% (n=44) were females. In 52.8% (n= 56) of the patients, there was epileptogenic lesion in MRI, and 39.6% (n=42) of the patients had an abnormal EEG. The combination of MRI with EEG was significantly better than either MRI or EEG alone in the diagnosis of seizures (p <0.001).

Conclusion: MRI and EEG are frequently used for the evaluation of seizures. MRI Brain when used in combination with EEG significantly improves the diagnostic accuracy of seizures.

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Author Biographies

BR Pokharel, Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal

Principal Consultant Neurologist and Head Department of Neurology

P Upadhaya, Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal

Registrar Department of Neurology

GR Sharma, Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal

Principal Consultant Neurosurgeon

SJ Budathoki, Nepal Mediciti Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal

Medical officer Department of Neurology

AMS Maharjan, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Lecturer Consultant Neurologist

G Kharel, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Assistant Prof - Department of Neurology

S Phuyal, Upendra Devkota Memorial National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Consultant Interventional Neuroradiologist

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Pokharel, B., Upadhaya, P., Sharma, G., Budathoki, S., Maharjan, A., Kharel, G., & Phuyal, S. (2021). Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain and Electroencephalogram (EEG) in the Evaluation of New-Onset Seizures in a Tertiary Care Centre of Nepal. Journal of Advances in Internal Medicine, 10(2), 67–70. https://doi.org/10.3126/jaim.v10i2.42171

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Original Articles