Human immunodeficiency virus infection in a child presenting as herpes zoster ophthalmicus and non-healing keratitis

  • M Chaudhary B.P. Koirala Lions Center for Ophthalmic Studies, Institute of Medicine
  • R P Chaudhary Kanti Children’s hospital
Keywords: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO), Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Perforated corneal ulcer, Varicella zoster virus (VZV)

Abstract

Herpes Zoster is produced by reactivation of latent varicella zoster from the dorsal root ganglion of sensory nerves. It is common in older individuals and rarely described in Pediatric age group. Its occurrence in younger age should be viewed with suspicion. We describe an 11-year-old Nepali child who presented with herpes zoster ophthalmicus of right half of the forehead and a perforated corneal ulcer in the right eye. On investigations he was found to have been infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Patient responded well to systemic acyclovir. Thus, herpes zoster ophthalmicus in a young child should be viewed with suspicion. 

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Author Biography

M Chaudhary, B.P. Koirala Lions Center for Ophthalmic Studies, Institute of Medicine
Ophthalmology
Published
2017-02-20
How to Cite
Chaudhary, M., & Chaudhary, R. (2017). Human immunodeficiency virus infection in a child presenting as herpes zoster ophthalmicus and non-healing keratitis. Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 6(4), 59-62. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v6i4.16719
Section
Case Reports