EVALUATION OF SERUM URIC ACID, GLUCOSE AND OTHER GLYCEMIC PARAMETER IN TYPE II DIABETIC INDIVIDUALS
Keywords:Fasting blood Glucose, HbA1c, Post- prandial blood glucose, ype II diabetes mellitus, Uric acid
Background: In spite of antioxidant property serum uric acid (SUA) has a positive association with blood glucose. SUA is considered as a strong and an independent risk factor for diabetes but low serum level of uric acid has been reported in the hyperglycemic state. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple etiologies resulting from defect in insulin action. So, aim of this study is to assess whether there is any change in SUA level and to establish whether there is any association with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) or not.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in 264 cases of DM. SUA, fasting blood glucose (FBG), post-prandial blood glucose (PPBG) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level were measured. Pearson’s correlation was employed to calculate the ‘r’ value by using SPSS version 15.
Results: In our study prevalence of hyperuricemia was 18.5%. Mean SUA in male and female was 5.95 mg/dl and 5.54 mg/dl respectively in DM. HbA1c has positive correlation with FBG and PPBG (r value = 0.720 and 0.775, respectively p=<0.001), while SUA has negative correlation with HbA1c, FBG and PPBG (r value= -0.179, p =0.004, -0.070, p=0.257 and -0.078, p=-0.204 respectively.).
Conclusions: SUA level is increased in DM. SUA was high among male and SUA initially increased when FBS and HbA1c increases then decreases as FBG and HbA1c level were further increased. SUA has negative correlation with FBG, PPBG and HbA1c, while HbA1c has a positive correlation with FBG and PPBG
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