Pastoralism in Crisis: Mounting Challenges in Herding System in High Altitude Region of Nepal

  • Prabin Bhusal Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Tribhuvan University
  • Mani Ram Banjade Future Himalaya Institute, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Naya Sharma Paudel Forest Action Nepal, Kathmandu
Keywords: Community forestry, conflict, climate change, livelihood, Mountain pastoralism

Abstract

 This paper discusses on the mounting livelihoods challenges of high altitude region of Nepal driven largely by the growing conflict between pastoralists and community forestry (CF), and offers alternative pathways. The paper is based on a three-year action research using adap­tive learning as an approach to understanding conflicts between the herders and CF members and other challenges around high altitude herding. The paper also brings the case of Suspa- Kshamawati Kalinchowk region with pragmatic issues and concerns that need urgent action. In addition, we analyse information on CF and other pastureland, institutional arrangements of CFUG, analysis of herders’ livelihoods and review of policy process and relevant literature. The research shows that high altitude herding system has been facing several challenges with the con­flict between the CF and herders as the main challenge. The conflict with CF has posed extreme threats to the existence of herding system in the region. Similarly, challenges like declining avail­ability and access to quality pasture and hardship, and changing social values has contributed to decreasing herding number in recent years and has also put the unique transhumance livelihood activities in crisis. Finally, implications to policy and practice of CF and overall environmental governance are identified.

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Published
2019-03-03
How to Cite
Bhusal, P., Banjade, M., & Paudel, N. (2019). Pastoralism in Crisis: Mounting Challenges in Herding System in High Altitude Region of Nepal. Journal of Forest and Livelihood, 16(1), 56-70. https://doi.org/10.3126/jfl.v16i1.22882
Section
Articles