Effect of Organic and Inorganic Sources of Nitrogen on Performance of Hybrid Potato Seed (HPS II/67) in Chitwan

Authors

  • N. P. Bhatta Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • J. Panthi Agribusiness Promotion Support and Training Centre, Bagamati province, Nepal
  • D. D. Dhakal Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Post Graduate Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • S. M. Shakya Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Post Graduate Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jiaas.v36i1.48418

Keywords:

bio-fertilizer, True potato seed, seedling tuber

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Meghauli, Chitwan to evaluate the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N) obtained from organic and inorganic sources on ware potato production from the first clonal generation of TPS hybrid (HPS II/67) during September, 2014 to February, 2015. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with nine treatments and three replications. The treatments consist of three different sources of nitrogen (Biomal, vermicompost and chemical fertilizers) having three different levels (80, 120 and 160 kg N/ha) from each source. Plant height, number of leaves/plant, total biomass/plant, total dry matter/plant and leaf area index were measured at 75 days after planting (DAP). Similarly, days to tuber initiation, number of tubers/plant, number of tubers/plot, tuber yield/plot and total tuber yield (mt/ha) were recorded. Cumulative physiological weight loss, greening percentage and sprouting percentage were observed during storage. B/C ratio of all the treatments were computed and compared. Experimental results revealed highest plant height (42.8cm), no. of leaves (145), biomass (98.9 gm/plant), dry matter (9.17 gm/plant) and leaf area index (3068.5 per plant) were recorded when 160kg N/ha applied through Biomal. The highest tuber yield (47.8 mt/ha) and B/C ratio (2.41) were obtained from Biomal at 160 kg N/ha. From this study, 160 kg N/ha from Biomal is recommended for higher productivity and economic returns for ware potato production from TPS hybrid (HPS II/67) under Meghauli, Chitwan, Nepal. However further study on different levels of N from organic sources is needed under different ecological niches.

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Bhatta, N. P., Panthi, J., Dhakal, D. D., & Shakya, S. M. (2020). Effect of Organic and Inorganic Sources of Nitrogen on Performance of Hybrid Potato Seed (HPS II/67) in Chitwan. Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, 36(1), 187–195. https://doi.org/10.3126/jiaas.v36i1.48418

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Section

Research Articles