Assessment of Energy Use on Urban Kathmandu from Energy Cultures Framework in Gender Perspective

Authors

  • Bindu Shrestha Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Sushil B Bajracharya Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Sudarshan R Tiwari Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jie.v15i3.32211

Keywords:

Sustainability, Energy Efficiency, Energy Consumption, Energy Cultures, Gender Lens

Abstract

The urban household has a high potential for energy saving to reduce carbon emission; however, it has been scant attention in Nepalese energy policy. Though sustainable development has set 2030 goals to achieve high impact on energy with a focus on women’ role, Nepal is still lagged for effective participating women properly in the energy sector. Urban women have a triple role with significant responsibility for household chores, and efficient cooking is one of pertinent attitudes to reduce energy in Kathmandu. Household energy is highly influenced by human behavior, energy culture, and practices, more significant role for shifting technology, that has less consideration in the policy. This paper aims to assess the energy practices identifying trade-offs of an energy transition to cleaner technology from the questionnaire survey, observation, interviews, and quantitative analysis in terms of a gender perspective. The analysis is based on energy cultures framework in gender perspective with primary attributes of cognitive norms, energy practices, and material culture to understand urban Kathmandu neighborhood. The field study showed that urban households are suffered from energy inaccessibility, inequality, and insecurity resulting in fuel stacking, socio-economic disparity, and environmental impacts. In conclusion, the energy-saving and reduced carbon emissions can be solved through prioritizing women’s role as a change of agent with active participation, incentives, two-way communication, and awareness to improve the situation.

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Published

2020-10-16

How to Cite

Shrestha, B., Bajracharya, S. B., & Tiwari, S. R. (2020). Assessment of Energy Use on Urban Kathmandu from Energy Cultures Framework in Gender Perspective. Journal of the Institute of Engineering, 15(3), 308–316. https://doi.org/10.3126/jie.v15i3.32211

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Section

Articles