Assessment of The Impacts of Trout Farming on Water Quality Using Macro Invertebrates as Bio- Indicators

Anuradha Rai, Archana Niraula, Payaswini Ghimire, Aastha Pandey, Anu Gurung, Chhatra Mani Sharma, Smriti Gurung


The study was conducted to assess the impacts of trout farming on water quality using macro invertebrates as bio-indicators. Two trout farms were selected for the study, viz., Gandaki Trout Farm (GTF) in Kaski district and Fall & Trout Fish Farm (FTF) in Nuwakot district. Reference and impacted sites were selected in each trout farms from where macro invertebrates were collected and physico-chemical parameters were measured. Sorensen’s Index and Multiple Site Similarity Index were calculated to compare the macro-invertebrate assemblages between the impact and the reference sites. Water quality classes were also calculated using macro invertebrate-based tool, NEPBIOS/ASPT scores. Altogether 24 families of macro invertebrates were observed at GTF and 12 families at FTF. The Sorensen’s Similarity Index was greater than 0.5 between reference and impacted sites at GTF; whereas it was only 0.28 at FTF indicating comparatively low level of similarity. In addition, Multiple Site Similarity Index (0.64) at GTF also indicated high similarity between the macro invertebrate assemblages. Reference sites showed higher scores with higher diversity of macro invertebrates. Both farms had suitable water quality for trout (dissolved oxygen and temperature) and most of the physico-chemical parameters did not show significant differences except pH and turbidity at GTF probably due to small scale operation and production.

 Journal of Institute of Science and Technology

Volume 22, Issue 2, January 2018, Page: 175-182


Trout farms, Water quality, Macro invertebrates, Bio-indicators, Sorensen’s index

Full Text:



Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Institute of Science and Technology, T.U.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.