Synthesis and Characterization of Urea–Formaldehyde Eco-Friendly Composite Based On Natural Fibers
Present work explains the synthesis of urea–formaldehyde composites with Allo (Girardinia diversifolia) and cotton (Gossypium arboreum) fibers. Urea–formaldehyde resin was synthesized by condensation polymerization of urea and formaldehyde monomers. Cellulose fibers were extracted by various chemical treatments of natural fibers. Composites were prepared with neat and extracted cellulose from Allo and cotton fibers by solution casting method. Fibers and composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical microscopy (OM), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) and micro-indentation tests. Results showed that composite with treated Allo fibers had better morphological, mechanical and thermal properties than untreated Allo and cotton fibers.
Copyright (c) 2019 Institute of Science and Technology, T.U.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The views and interpretation in this journal are those of author(s). They are not attributable to the Institute of Science and Technology, T.U. and do not imply the expression of any opinion concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city, area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers of boundaries.
The copyright of the articles is held by the Institute of Science and Technology, T.U.