Endoscopic Management of Epistaxis in Lumbini Medical College
Keywords:Electrocoagulation, Epistaxis, Ligation, Packing, Sphenopalatine
Introduction: Epistaxis is one of the commonest Ear Nose Throat (ENT) emergencies. Proper guidelines for its management are lacking; on the other hand, the management is mostly done by the junior health service providers which has invited non-standardized practice of epistaxis management. Thereby this study was much inclined towards assessment of the effectiveness of endoscopic management of epistaxis.
Methods: This prospective study included patients above 16 years who were diagnosed with idiopathic epistaxis visiting Out Patient of ENT Department or in the Emergency Department of Lumbini Medical College from 1stof July 2014 to 30thof June 2015. ENT examination was done to find the cause and site of bleeding. Thereafter different epistaxis management interventions were done depending on the bleeding condition. The data were collected, entered and then analyzed using SPSS version 21. The descriptive statistics were applied.
Results: Of the total 116 patients, 53 (45.69%) were male and 63 (54.31%) were female showing no gender preponderance with epistaxis in our study. Majority (49%) of the patients were managed with cauterization with silver nitrate or electrocautery in out-patient clinic. Second most common (18%) procedure was endoscopic sphenopalatine artery cauterization. Nasal packing was done only in three cases with zero posterior pack.
Conclusion: Endoscopic intervention of epistaxis seems to be safe, simple, fast, and effective for the management of epistaxis with low rates of morbidity and complications. Thereby it can be preferred over the conservative nasal packing and considered as immediate second-line management.
J. Lumbini. Med. Coll. Vol 3, No 2, July-Dec 2015
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