Etiological Profile of Neonatal Seizures and Prognostic Factors for Adverse Outcome: A Single Center Prospective Study

Authors

  • Srijana Dongol Singh Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6054-0197
  • Ranendra Prakash Bahadur Shrestha Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
  • Asim Shrestha Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Keywords:

APGAR score, developmental delay, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, neonatal seizure

Abstract

Introduction: Neonatal seizure is the most common manifestation and an important determinant of outcome of neurological disorders in newborn period. This study aims to delineate the etiological profile and neurodevelopmental outcome of neonatal seizures and also to identify predictors for adverse outcome.

Methods: One hundred and seventeen neonates with clinically proven seizures admitted in Dhulikhel Hospital from February 2014 to February 2016 were recruited. All of them underwent necessary neurological diagnostic tests. The survivors were followed up for at least three times within the first 18 months of life. Prognostic value of factors for adverse outcomes were analyzed with Chi square test and binary logistic regression analysis.

Results: Among a total of 954 neonates admitted, 117 (12.26%) developed clinical seizures. The most common cause of neonatal seizure was hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (n=69, 59%), followed by infection (n=20, 17.09%), and metabolic disturbances (n=16, 13.7%). The outcomes were mortality (n=16, 13.7%), post neonatal seizure (n=18, 15.4%), developmental delay (n=31, 26.5%), vision impairment (n=19, 16.2%) and hearing impairment (n=26, 22.2%). Low Apgar scores at one minute (p=0.03) and five minutes (p=0.001), early onset seizure (p<0.001), and more than one drug used for seizure control (p=0.001) were early prognostic factors for adverse outcome.

Conclusion: Birth asphyxia followed by infection and transient metabolic disturbance were common etiologies for neonatal seizures. Low Apgar scores at one and five minutes, early onset seizure, multiple episodes of seizures and requirement of multiple anti-epileptics to control seizures were found to be significant predictors for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22502/jlmc.v6i2.212

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
1061
PDF
230

Author Biographies

Srijana Dongol Singh, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics,

Ranendra Prakash Bahadur Shrestha, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Professor, Department of Paediatrics

Asim Shrestha, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Paediatrics

Downloads

Published

2018-11-30

How to Cite

Singh, S. D., Bahadur Shrestha, R. P., & Shrestha, A. (2018). Etiological Profile of Neonatal Seizures and Prognostic Factors for Adverse Outcome: A Single Center Prospective Study. Journal of Lumbini Medical College, 6(2). Retrieved from https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JLMC/article/view/23658

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles