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Author Guidelines

Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society is an official subspecialty journal of Nepal Paediatric Society. It is an Open-access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on all aspects of health care in neonates, children and adolescents. The journal is wide circulation among paediatricians and general practitioners in Nepal. The journal gives priority to reports of outstanding clinical and experimental work, as well as important contributions related to common problems of the child and adolescent health in Nepal and developing nations.

Creative Commons Licence
All articles in the Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society are published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society does not charge any fee from authors for publication of any categories of research work as defined in the journal’s content.

Manuscript Submission
Address for submission: The manuscripts should be sent to:

  1. Dr Arun Neopane, Department of Paediatrics, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni. Kathmandu, Nepal. Email:, Tel No; 9851061071, 977-1-4271965.
  2. Nepal Paediatric Society (NEPAS) Offi ce, Kanti Children's Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal. E-mail:, Tel No; 977-1-44122648.

Manuscripts submitted in hard copies should accompany the electronic version of the article in a CD ROM or may alternatively be sent via email to The text including all supplementary materials like tables, figures and photographs should preferably be included in the same file in the order the author wants them to appear in the journal. The authors may submit their work by e-mail only; such manuscripts need not be simultaneously sent by post.

Acceptance for Publication
The manuscripts should meet the following criteria for acceptance for publication: the material is original, the writing is clear, study methods are appropriate, data are valid, conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data; the information is important; and the topic has general medical interest specially in the field of child health. An article is reviewed for publication on the understanding that the work it reports has not been submitted simultaneously to another journal, has not been accepted for publication elsewhere or has already been published. The journal would not publish material that has already appeared elsewhere; but could accept some papers that have been published as abstracts or have been partially reported at scientific meetings, and some that have already appeared in non-biomedical literature. Previous publications in electronic form are also not acceptable. The journal publishes all materials with the understanding that local ethical bodies have approved the design of the work and that it conforms to the current standard of practice in the place of origin of the article. The journal reserves the right of not to publish any articles on the grounds that proper ethical standards have not been met. The editorial board is trying hard to make the journal uniform and standardized. We therefore request all authors to follow the same format as outlined. The editorial board shall have the right to edit, condense, or rearrange the approved articles before publication. The editor will make all attempts to involve the principal author in the modifications to original manuscript. The generation of consensus among different authors in articles with more than one author shall be the responsibility of principal author.

Peer Review Process

Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society uses a single-blind peer review process.

Initially the manuscripts are submitted to one reviewer, and then to a second if it is required and rarely to a third. Peer reviewers are asked to assess each manuscript for originality; for interest to pediatricians, practitioners and policy makers; for quality of the analysis; and for quality of the presentation, and are asked to assess the priority of the paper for publication. After the reviews are received, the editors may take one of the following actions: AcceptAccept with RevisionsReject with option to Resubmit; or Reject. A rejected manuscript may not be resubmitted. A manuscript may be rejected with an option to resubmit when additional data or analyses are requested by reviewers, or when extensive revision of the text is needed. The resubmitted manuscript receives an additional round of peer review (which may include new reviewers), and the manuscript may or may not be accepted. A decision of Accept with Revision indicates that the editors intend to accept the manuscript contingent on adequate response to reviewers. A decision of Accept indicates that the manuscript is ready to place into production without further modification. Decisions by the editors are final.

We aim to complete the review process within 4 weeks to 3 months but it depends on the responsiveness of the reviewers. Authors are requested to correct their manuscripts within a month.

Categories of Articles
Articles can be sent as original articles, review articles, brief reports, case reports, and letters to editor or commentaries.

Original Article
Original articles should report original research relevant to clinical paediatrics including randomized trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, cohort studies, cost-effectiveness analyses and case control studies. The text of observational and experimental articles is usually (but not necessarily) divided into sections with the headings Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. This so-called "IMRAD" structure is not simply an arbitrary publication format, but rather a direct reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Long articles may need subheadings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion sections) to clarify their content. While reporting randomized controlled trials (RCT), authors must attempt to be in conformity with the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT) statement. Each manuscript should be accompanied with a structured abstract (divided into objectives, design, setting, subjects, methods, results and conclusion) in not more than 250 words. Four to five key words to facilitate indexing should be provided in alphabetical order along with the abstract. The typical text length for such contributions is 2500-3500 words (excluding title page, abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgments, key messages and references).

Brief Report
Short accounts of original studies are published as brief reports. The text should be divided into sections, i.e., abstract, introduction, methods, results and discussion. A series of cases can also be considered as brief report, provided the number of cases is reasonably large. Abstract should be of 100-150 words highlighting the aims, methods and main result along with 3-4 key words. The text should contain no more than 1500 words.

Leading Articles/ Commentaries
The editors' welcome leading articles or commentaries on controversial topics of current interest. The length of the article should be limited to 1000 words. The editorial board may subject these articles for external review before publication.

Review Article
The editorial board of the journal encourages submission of review articles or systematic, critical assessments of literature published on topics of general interest. Any topic will be considered but priority will be given to those addressing a major current problem. The authors may consult the Editor-in-Chief before submitting such articles as similar reviews may be already in submission. The typical length for review articles is about 3000 words (excluding tables, figures, and references). Authors submitting review manuscripts should include an abstract of around 200 words describing the need and purpose of review, methods used for locating, selecting, extracting and synthesizing data, and main conclusions.

Case Report
Clinical cases highlighting uncommon condition or presentation are published as Case Reports. The text should not exceed 1000 words and is divided into sections, i.e., abstract, introduction, case report and discussion. Include a brief abstract of about 50 words.

Letter to Editor(s)
The editors welcome and encourage topical correspondence relating to articles published in the journal. At the Editorial boards' discretion, a letter may be sent to authors/expert for comments and both letter and reply may be published together. Letters may also relate to other topic of interest to paediatricians, and/or useful clinical observations. Letters should not be more than 300 words.

Manuscripts should be well type written with print on one side of sheets of A4 paper with double spacing and wide margins in all sheets.

The title page should carry the following information:

  1. The title of the article
  2. Authors' names and institutional affiliations
  3. The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed
  4. Disclaimers, if any
  5. Corresponding author(s). The name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript The name and address of the author to whom requests for reprints should be addressed or a statement that reprints will not be available from the authors.
  6. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.
  7. A running head.

An abstract should follow the title page. The abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study's purposes, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations.

The body of the article should follow the abstract page. The body of the article should be written in IMRAD format.

Provide a context or background for the study (i.e., the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both the main and secondary objectives should be made clear, and any pre-specified subgroup analyses should be described. Use abbreviations sparingly.

Materials and Methods
The Methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was written. Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results.

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations.

Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such.

The references used in the article should follow the body of the article. References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the fi rst identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. The article should be referenced on the Vancouver system, full details of which can be accessed at http://www.

Tables and Figures should be simple, self-explanatory and should supplement and not duplicate the information given in the text. Photographs used should be supplied in high quality glossy paper not larger than 203 x 254 mm.

All persons designated as authors should qualify for the authorship. Authorship credit should be based on substantial contributions to i) concept and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and iii) final approval of the version to be published. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. All such people who contributed to the work but do not satisfy all the conditions should be named in the acknowledgements. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permissions from everyone acknowledged by name. One of the authors shall act as guarantor of the paper and he/she should take the responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from its inception to published article. Authors should provide a description of what each author contributed on the title page. Subsequently, no names can be added or deleted without written permission of the Editor-in-Chief. Written consent of authors, whose names are being deleted, should be obtained.

Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication.
Editors and reviewers spend many hours reading manuscripts, and therefore appreciate receiving manuscripts that are easy to read and edit. Detailed instructions to authors can be accessed in the website which gives the guidelines for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) created the Uniform Requirements primarily to help authors and editors in their mutual task of creating and distributing accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies. The Uniform Requirements can provide many other stakeholders-peer reviewers, publishers, the media, patients and their families, and general readers-with useful insights into the biomedical authoring and editing process The Uniform Requirements state the ethical principles in the conduct and reporting of research and provide recommendations relating to specific elements of editing and writing. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The official version of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals is located at  


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

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