Childhood Poisoning at a Tertiary Hospital in South West Nigeria
Introduction: Poisoning is a preventable cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Information on childhood poisoning in the developing world is scanty. This study describes the profile of childhood poisoning in a third world hospital.
Materials and Methods: Children admitted with poisoning over a 48-months period at the Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital Ado-Ekiti, Southwest Nigeria, were reviewed.
Results: It was found that 81 of 5256 admissions representing 1.54% of the total admissions were due to poisoning. Kerosene, Drugs, Alcohol based herbal concoction, pesticides, corrosive agents and carbon monoxide were involved in 37.0%, 22.2%, 19.8%, 8.6%, 6.2% and 6.2% respectively. Accidental and non-accidental intentions were involved in 85.2% and 14.8% cases respectively. Administration of palm oil (oil from Elais guineensis), vomiting induction and herbal concoction were the leading home interventions in 69.1%, 38.3% and 23.5% respectively. One patient required intensive care. There were seven deaths and overall mortality rate was 8.6%.
Conclusion: Poisoning remains a cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. Establishment of poisoning information and control centre is recommended among other strategies to combat its scourge.
J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2015;35(2):103-110
Copyright (c) 2016 Oladele Simeon Olatunya, Ayodeji Olusola Isinkaye, Ezra Olatunde Ogundare, Isaac Oludare Oluwayemi, Foluso John Akinola
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