Breast Feeding as Analgesia in Neonates: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Introduction: Major myth regarding neonatal pain suggests that neonates because of their neurological immaturity do not experience pain. Although exact mechanism is not known, it is proposed that breast feeding through combination of various senses and the closeness of the infant’s mother, saturates the senses thus reducing perception of noxious stimuli. The objective of this study was to investigate the analgesic effect of breastfeeding during blood sampling through heel lance in healthy term neonates.
Material and Methods: This was a Randomized controlled trial done in a Tertiary level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Sixty healthy term newborns, undergoing heel prick were included in study. Neonates were randomly assigned to two groups: Group I (breastfed) with; Group II (not breast fed). Babies were given heel prick and crying time, Heart rate, SpO2 and BP monitored. Changes in various physiological parameters following a heel prick were studied in two groups.
Results: Neonates in both groups expressed pain by crying, increase in heart rate, fall in transcutaneous oxygen saturation and rise in blood pressure. Compared to control group, the babies who were breast fed were found to have lesser crying time (40.04 sec and 69.09 sec respectively, p<0.05) and lesser rise in heart rate (rise of 21.78 and 34.46 bpm respectively, p<0.03). In the breast fed group there was a trend to a lesser decrease in oxygen saturation and lesser rise in blood pressure though this was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Breast feeding offers a quick and effective means of reducing pain in neonates during routine neonatal procedures.
J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2016;36(3):238-242
Copyright (c) 2017 Rajesh Kumar Singh, Ashish Kumar Simalti, Daljit Singh
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).