Scrub Typhus in Children
Introduction: Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by infection with rickettsial bacilli Orientia tsutsugamushi. This was a retrospective observational study to study the clinical profile of paediatric scrub typhus, its associated complications and response to treatment
Material and Methods: Record files of all patients diagnosed with positive Weil felix (OXK>1:80) and Scrub IgM positive over a period of one year were analysed. Total of 10 cases were diagnosed as scrub with median age of presentation 4.1 years.
Results: Fever was present in all followed by pain abdomen (50%), rash. Anaemia (90%), lymphadenopathy (70%) hepatomegaly (100%), Leukopenia was present in those cases with fever <1 week while leucocytosis was found thereafter. Most common complication were hepatitis (100%) shock (50%), acute kidney injury (AKI) 30%, DIC in 20% cases. Secondary HLH was found in 20% and pancarditis in one case. All the cases showed dramatic response to doxycycline.
Conclusion: So a high index of suspicion is required to diagnose scrub and early initiation of treatment is essential to prevent mortality from the disease.
Copyright (c) 2018 Madiha Zainab, Atul Kumar Gupta, Suparna Guha
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