Neonatal Mortality and Morbidity in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Coastal South India
Correction: On 13th June, Prasanna Mithra was added as an author of this paper.
Introduction: Progress in new-born survival has been slow. There is a variation in neonatal death rates across states and geographical region of a country. Understanding the pattern of mortality is essential in improving new-born survival. This study was conducted to study the mortality and morbidity profile in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a university teaching hospital.
Material and Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study including records of all neonates admitted in NICU from January 2015 to December 2016.
Results 3623 neonates were admitted during the study period. Majority were preterm and low birth weight babies. Neonatal jaundice (41.4%) was the leading cause of admission. Major cause of morbidity was sepsis (26.2%). Average duration of stay were higher in out borns (8.4 days) compared to inborn (6.5 days) neonates. Among mortality a higher male predominance was seen. Neonatal sepsis (36.3%) was the single most common cause of mortality followed by respiratory distress syndrome (27.4%) and congenital malformations (18.6%). Out born neonates which were self-transported had higher mortality rate than transported by ambulance.
Conclusion This study identifies sepsis, prematurity and low birth weight as the major causes of morbidity. Sepsis, respiratory distress syndrome and congenital malformations were the leading causes of mortality Understanding causes of neonatal mortality may help to implement interventions to promote new-born survival.
Copyright (c) 2017 Raja Kannan, Suchetha Rao, Prasanna Mithra, SM Rajesh, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, T Rekha
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).