Effectiveness of Glycerin Magnesium Sulphate Versus Heparin Benzyl Nicotinate Application Among Children with Phlebitis

Authors

  • Akriti Shree Dahal Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Roshani Tuitui Nursing and Social Security Division, Department of Health Services, Nepal
  • Purna Devi Shrestha Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bharati Sharma Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sharada Acharya Bir Hospital Nursing Campus, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Priyanka Dahal Medical Officer, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v40i1.28659

Keywords:

Glycerin; Heparin Benzyl Nicotinate; Magnesium Sulphate; Phlebitis

Abstract

Introduction: Phlebitis is the most common complication of intravenous infusion therapy. Incidence of phlebitis in children receiving intravenous therapy has been reported to be as high as 71.25%. The study was done to find out the effectiveness of glycerin magnesium sulphate versus heparin benzyl nicotinate application in children with phlebitis.

Methods: A pre-post control group design was used. A total of 43 subjects were randomly assigned into two groups [22 in experimental (glycerin magnesium sulphate application) and 21 in control (heparin benzyl nicotinate application) group] by lottery method. Data was collected using Modified Visual Infusion Phlebitis (VIP) Score.

Results: The comparison between VIP score was based on observations made before the interventions and at 12, 24, 36 and 48 hours after the intervention. Independent t tests showed significant difference in reduction of VIP score in experimental and control group after 12 hours and 24 hours of intervention. The study demonstrated that there is no statistically significant difference in reduction of VIP score among the subjects in experimental and control group at 12 hours (p = 0.219), 24 hours (p = 0.349), 36 hours (p = 0.695) and 48 hours (p = 0.424) after the intervention.

Conclusion: The study concludes that both glycerin magnesium sulphate and heparin benzyl nicotinate can be used effectively among children with phlebitis. However, after 24 hours of phlebitis, an alternative intervention needs to be used.

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Published

2020-08-10

How to Cite

Dahal, A. S., Tuitui, R., Shrestha, P. D., Sharma, B., Acharya, S., & Dahal, P. (2020). Effectiveness of Glycerin Magnesium Sulphate Versus Heparin Benzyl Nicotinate Application Among Children with Phlebitis. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 40(1), 21–27. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v40i1.28659

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Section

Original Articles