A Sonographic Study of Kidney Dimensions Among Nepalese Children

  • Dil Islam Mansur Department of Anatomy, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
  • Subindra Karki Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel Hospital, Dhulikhel, Nepal
  • Pragya Shrestha Department of Anatomy, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
  • Sunima Maskey Department of Anatomy, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal
Keywords: Child; Kidney; Kidney Disease; Ultrasonography

Abstract

Introduction: Any variations in shape or size of either one or both kidneys may indicate sign of its pathology. The study was aimed to determine normal values for renal dimensions among Nepalese children.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of the renal dimensions among 211 children. The length, breadth and thickness of kidneys were measured by computerised in built calliper in centimetre by using ultrasound and volume of the kidney was calculated.

Results: The mean values of length, breadth, thickness and volume were 7.05 ± 1.80 cm, 2.95 ± 0.48 cm, 1.35 ± 0.15 cm and 15.09 ± 5.91 cc for right kidneys respectively; and 7.36 ± 1.89 cm, 2.98 ± 1.89 cm, 1.35 ± 0.18 cm and 15.98 ± 6.44 cc for left kidneys respectively. The mean values for length, breadth, thickness and volume of right kidney was 7.57 ± 1.99 cm, 3.11 ± 0.46 cm, 1.38 ± 0.14 cm and 17.38 ± 6.20 cc among boys respectively; and 6.50 ± 1.39 cm, 2.78 ± 0.44 cm, 1.31 ± 0.17 cm and 12.69 ± 4.43 cc among girls respectively. Similarly, these values for length, breadth, thickness and volume of left kidneys were 7.91 ± 2.04 cm, 3.13 ± 0.49 cm, 1.39 ± 0.18 cm and 18.46 ± 6.89 cc among boys respectively; and 6.78 ± 1.52 cm, 2.83 ± 0.45 cm, 1.31 ± 0.17 cm and 13.38 ± 4.73 cc among girls respectively.

Conclusions: It was concluded that mean values for renal length and volume was found to be higher on left side than right side in all age groups. These values for renal breadth and thickness were observed almost same on both sides in all age groups. All measurements of renal dimensions were found significantly higher among boys than girls on both sides. This study has provided the reference values for renal sizes among Nepalese children.

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Abstract
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Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
Mansur, D., Karki, S., Shrestha, P., & Maskey, S. (2020). A Sonographic Study of Kidney Dimensions Among Nepalese Children. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 40(3), 164-171. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v40i3.29303
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Original Articles