Steroid Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome Presented as Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome - A Rare Case Report

  • Abhishek Abhinay Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Jata Shankar Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Sunil Kumar Rao Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • Om Prakash Mishra Division of Paediatric Nephrology, Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Keywords: Hypertension, Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, Steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome

Abstract

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare serious syndrome of central nervous system that can develop in both adults and children. It is characterised by acute onset of headache, confusion, seizures, or focal neurological deficits along with radiological abnormalities in the parietal and occipital lobes. In the past, this syndrome has been mainly described in adults but rare in children. However, it is not uncommon in paediatric nephrology. Hypertension, renal disease, immunosuppression, and chemotherapy of malignancies are triggers for PRES. Here, we report a case of 12 years old boy with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome presenting as PRES.

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Abstract
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Published
2020-09-11
How to Cite
Abhinay, A., Shankar, J., Rao, S., & Mishra, O. (2020). Steroid Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome Presented as Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome - A Rare Case Report. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 40(2), 142-145. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v40i2.29328
Section
Case Reports