Epidemiological and Clinical Profile of COVID-19 in Nepali Children: An Initial Experience

  • Arun K Sharma Nepal Paediatric Society secretariat
  • Ram H Chapagain Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Krishna P Bista Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Roma Bohara Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Bharat Chand Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Nanda K Chaudhary Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Pradip Mishra Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Sandeep Shrestha Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Netra Rana Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Jamun Singh Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Yuba Nidhi Baseula Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Yog Raj Sharma Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Samana Sharma Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
  • Sunita Ghimire Government of Nepal designated COVID centre
Keywords: COVID 19; Nepal; Children

Abstract

Introduction: COVID-19 has spread all around the world with huge toll of human lives and suffering since it evolved in China. Nepal had slow rise in morbidity due to COVID 19 in early days but has been gripped by the pandemic's exponential growth lately. This study was conducted with the aim to describe the clinical and epidemiological features of Nepali children in early phase of the pandemic.

Methods: This was an observational study conducted at 11 COVID care centres designated by the Government of Nepal with availability of supervision by paediatricians between January and August 2020 in children under 18 years of age diagnosed with COVID 19. Data was collected based on definitions outlined in data collection resources available at WHO-ISARIC Global COVID-19 clinical resources platform and analysed.

Results: One hundred and twenty one children diagnosed with COVID 19 who presented to the designated centres were enrolled. Majority of children (83.4%) were identified as a part of contact tracing, 28.1% had an identified contact to a person with COVID 19 prior to their diagnosis and 20.7% had another household member diagnosed with COVID 19. The mean age of admitted children was 8.8 years (SD 5.6 years) with the largest proportion being adolescents (40.5%).  Male (58.7%) children were more commonly affected. There were 15 (12.4%) infants and 8 (6%) of them were under two months of age. Most children (87, 71.9%) were asymptomatic, 21 (22.3%) had mild symptoms and six (4.9%) had moderately severe symptoms. Fever (18.2%) was the most commonly reported symptom. All children were discharged after a median of 14 days of hospitalisation.

Conclusions: Nepali children of all ages are affected by COVID 19 and present with asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic infection. Fever and respiratory symptoms are the most commonly reported symptoms.  Most children do not develop complications. Continued surveillance in larger population of children as the pandemic unfolds will generate more stringent observations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
188
PDF
153
Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
Sharma, A., Chapagain, R., Bista, K., Bohara, R., Chand, B., Chaudhary, N., Mishra, P., Shrestha, S., Rana, N., Singh, J., Baseula, Y., Sharma, Y., Sharma, S., & Ghimire, S. (2020). Epidemiological and Clinical Profile of COVID-19 in Nepali Children: An Initial Experience. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 40(3), 202-209. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v40i3.32438
Section
Original Articles