Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome in an Infant

  • A Taksande Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra
  • K Vilhekar Prof. and Head of Department of Paediatrics, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra
Keywords: Staphylococcal, Scalded skin, Nikolsky sign, Infant

Abstract

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a bullous disease of the skin caused by toxins (exfoliatins) secreted by certain types of Staphylococcus aureus. These toxins may act as superantigens, stimulating the proliferation of T lymphocytes, with a massive release of cytokines and consequent epidermal damage. In neonates, the lesions are mostly found on the perineum or periumbilically, while the extremities are more commonly affected in older children. The disease begins with erythema and fever, followed by formation of large fluid filled bullae which quickly rupture on slightest pressure to leave extensive areas of denuded skin. We present a case of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in infant.

J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2012;32(2):178-180

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v32i2.5494

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Abstract
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PDF
569
Published
2012-10-01
How to Cite
Taksande, A., & Vilhekar, K. (2012). Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome in an Infant. Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society, 32(2), 178-180. https://doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v32i2.5494
Section
Brief Reports/Case Reports/Case Series