Unilateral lower motor neuron-type of facial palsy following snake bite presumably due to Krait (Bungarus Caeruleus)
We describe an unusual case of snake bite presumably due to Krait (Bungarus Caeruleus) in a 12-year-old child from Mohali, Punjab. He presented with a history of bite behind his left ear, while he was sleeping at night on floor. He had bilateral ptosis, dysphonia initially, which progressed gradually to cause respiratory paralysis. Child was managed with antisnake venom, ventilation and other supportive measures. He recovered gradually, but persisted to have lower motor neuron paralysis of left facial nerve, which was noted post extubation. This uncommon presentation could be because of exposure of the facial muscles to the venom, spreading directly from the injection site and destroying the nerve terminals of facial nerve in the muscle tissue. At three months follow-up, child showed complete recovery. Facial nerve involvement following snake bite, which usually has a good prognosis, remain an uncommon presentation in paediatric age group.
J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2012;32(2):184-186
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).