Latex Agglutination Test for Early Detection of Causative Organism in Acute Bacterial Meningitis
Introduction: Acute bacterial meningitis is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in children. Identification of the causative organism is crucial to its management and outcome. The objective of this study was to see the usefulness of latex agglutination test in the early diagnosis of acute bacterial meningitis.
Materials and Methods: A hospital based prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Kanti Children’s Hospital during December 2004 to August 2005. Cerebrospinal fluid from 150 consecutive clinically suspected cases of acute bacterial meningitis between the age group of 2 months to 14 years were analyzed. Bacterial culture and latex agglutination test was done on cerebrospinal fluid obtained from all 150 suspected cases of acute bacterial meningitis. Latex agglutination test was done using the BD DirectigenTM Meningitis Combo test kit (Becton, Dickinson and company, USA) for Streptococcus pneumoniae, group B Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Neisseria meningitidis group A,C and Y/ W135, and Hemophilus influenzae type b. Data was analysed by using SPSS Version 11.5.
Results: Of the 150 Cerebrospinal fluid samples analysed bacterial culture identified only 4 meningitis cases giving an isolation rate of 1.3% whereas latex agglutination test identified 29 cases giving an isolation rate of 19.3% from 150 samples. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Hemophilus influenzae type b and Group B Streptococcus were the most common causative organism.
Conclusion: Latex agglutination test has a better yield, higher sensitivity, provides microbiological diagnosis earlier than the traditional cerebrospinal fluid culture and is easy to perform.
J Nepal Paediatr Soc. 2013;33(1):34-38
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).