Congenital anomalies in antenatal ultrasound scan at a tertiary care teaching hospital

Authors

  • Shreejana Shrestha Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Yogita Dwa Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Pooja Jaiswal Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Binod Parmar Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpahs.v5i1.24038

Keywords:

congenital anomalies, gestational age, prenatal ultrasound scan

Abstract

Introductions: Early detection of congenital fetal anomalies by ultrasonography (USG) helps to identify the severity and termination of pregnancy in severe cases. Anomalies cause significant perinatal morbidity and mortality. Aim of this study was to analyse real-time USG detection of prenatal anomalies.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of fetal anomalies detected during 2nd and 3rd trimester antenatal USG scan done from 2011 to 2015, in Patan Hospital. Age of mother, parity, gestational age when anomalies detected and, anomalies of previous child, use of folic acid were analysed. Descriptive analysis was done.

Results: There were 35,571 deliveries in four years period with 134 (0.37%) congenital anomalies, 99 (79.2%) detected during antenatal USG during 2nd and 3rd trimester. Among 99 anomalies, 29 (29.29%) were detected before 22 weeks. Central nervous system (CNS) anomalies were 47, gastrointestinal 23, renal 12, skin and fetal compartment 8 and rest were less common. Young mothers of less than 30 years were 109 (81.34%) and primi were 85 (63.4%).

Conclusions: Antenatal ultrasound can detect fetal anomalies in 2nd and 3rd trimester with higher frequencies belonging to the central nervous system followed by gastrointestinal tract anomalies and renal.

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Author Biographies

Shreejana Shrestha, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal

Assistant Lecturer, Department of Radiology and Imaging

Yogita Dwa, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Radiology and Imaging

Pooja Jaiswal, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal

Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology and Imaging

Binod Parmar, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Radiology and Imaging

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Published

2018-06-29

How to Cite

Shrestha, S., Dwa, Y., Jaiswal, P., & Parmar, B. (2018). Congenital anomalies in antenatal ultrasound scan at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences, 5(1), 26–30. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpahs.v5i1.24038

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Section

General Section: Original Articles