Clinico-Pathological Study of Lung Carcinoma

Authors

  • SB Pradhan Department of Pathology, Sarvanga Swastha Sadan, Lalitpur
  • S Shakya Department of Oncology, Sarvanga Swastha Sadan, Lalitpur
  • S Shrestha Department of Oncology, Sarvanga Swastha Sadan, Lalitpur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v4i8.11496

Keywords:

Carcinoma, FNAC, Smoking, Adenocarcinoma

Abstract

Background: Lung cancer is currently the most frequently diagnosed cancer in the world and the number one cause of cancer mortality worldwide.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in 55 diagnosed lung carcinoma cases being treated in a Kathmandu based hospital over a period of 18 months from 22nd Oct. 2012 to 21st April 2014.

Results: Out of total 55 lung carcinoma cases, 33 patients were male and 22 were female with Male: Female ratio of 1.5:1. The most frequent age group was 71-80 years. Lung cancer was more common among smokers (52.73 % of cases). Out of 47.27% non smokers, 76.92% were female. Squamous cell carcinoma was found to be the most common cancer type, comprising 63.64% of cases followed by adenocarcinoma (29.09% of cases) and small cell carcinoma (7.27% of cases). Among various diagnostic methods, CT guided Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and Pleural fluid cytology was found to be the best methods.

Conclusion: Smoking showed a positive correlation among carcinoma of lung patients. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were the most common tumors encountered among the smokers and non-smokers respectively. CT guided Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and Pleural fluid cytology yields the most diagnostic materials.

DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/3126/jpn.v4i8.11496
 
Journal of Pathology of Nepal; Vol4, No.8 (2014) 623-625

Background: Lung cancer is currently the most frequently diagnosed cancer in the world and the number one cause of cancer mortality worldwide.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in 55 diagnosed lung carcinoma cases being treated in a Kathmandu based hospital over a period of 18 months from 22nd Oct. 2012 to 21st April 2014.

Results: Out of total 55 lung carcinoma cases, 33 patients were male and 22 were female with Male: Female ratio of 1.5:1. The most frequent age group was 71-80 years. Lung cancer was more common among smokers (52.73 % of cases). Out of 47.27% non smokers, 76.92% were female. Squamous cell carcinoma was found to be the most common cancer type, comprising 63.64% of cases followed by adenocarcinoma (29.09% of cases) and small cell carcinoma (7.27% of cases). Among various diagnostic methods, CT guided Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and Pleural fluid cytology was found to be the best methods.

Conclusion: Smoking showed a positive correlation among carcinoma of lung patients. Squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were the most common tumors encountered among the smokers and non-smokers respectively. CT guided Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and Pleural fluid cytology yields the most diagnostic materials.

DOI: 3126/jpn.v4i8.11496
 
Journal of Pathology of Nepal; Vol4, No8(2014)

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Published

2014-09-23

How to Cite

Pradhan, S., Shakya, S., & Shrestha, S. (2014). Clinico-Pathological Study of Lung Carcinoma. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 4(8), 623–625. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v4i8.11496

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Original Articles