p53 immunohistochemical staining patterns in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Authors

  • G Dundy Department of Pathology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra
  • H Kumar Department of Pathology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra
  • A Singh Department of Pathology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra
  • A Chandarakant Department of Pathology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v6i12.16257

Keywords:

p53 expression, Immunohistochemistry, oral squamous cell carcinoma, buccal mucosa

Abstract

Background: Mutation of p53 gene is one of the most common events in oral carcinogenesis. Accumulation of p53 protein has also been detected in premalignant lesions.

Materials and Methods:  This study included 40 biopsy samples, which were received in department of pathology, Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, to ascertain p53 expression by immunohistochemically, in patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas and to correlate its expression with histological grade, different sites in oral cavity and tobacco intake/smoking habits.

Results: Out of 40 biopsies of oral mucosa, 03 showed normal oral mucosa and 37 were diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), most patients were in 5th and 6th decade and majority (86.5%) of oral SCC were males with buccal mucosa being the most common site. There was a statistically significant difference in p53 expression between oral SCC and normal oral mucosa (p value <0.05). Of total 37 cases, 12 cases were well differentiated type, 16 moderately differentiated and 09 of poorly differentiated type of SCC. In each category, about two thirds were positive for p53 staining. Out of total 37 cases of oral SCC, 64.9% were positive and 35.1% were negative for p53 expression, 34 cases had positive history of tobacco intake/smoking habits, of which 23 cases were positive while 11 cases were negative for p53 staining.

Conclusion: Abnormal p53 protein was detected in 64.9% of oral squamous cell carcinoma, but not in normal oral mucosa. p53 expression was associated with malignant transformation of oral mucosa. 

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Published

2016-09-24

How to Cite

Dundy, G., Kumar, H., Singh, A., & Chandarakant, A. (2016). p53 immunohistochemical staining patterns in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 6(12), 1013–1017. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v6i12.16257

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Original Articles

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