Fine needle aspiration cytology of head and neck lesions and its correlation with histopathology

Authors

  • R Pathak Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • KBR Prasad Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • SK Rauniyar Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • S Pudasaini Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • K Pande Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • S Koirala Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • S Kafle Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  • A Jha Department of Pathology, Bhaktapur Cancer Hospital, Bhaktapur
  • S Chalise Department of Pathology, Bhaktapur Cancer Hospital, Bhaktapur
  • AS Basnyat Department of Pathology, Bhaktapur Cancer Hospital, Bhaktapur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v6i12.16276

Keywords:

Fine needle aspiration cytology, Histopathology, Lymph node, Thyroid, Salivary gland, Soft tissues

Abstract

Background: Fine needle aspiration cytology is a minimally invasive technique used in the initial diagnosis of different types of lesions located in head and neck region commonly originating from cervical lymph node, thyroid gland, salivary glands and soft tissues. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity and speci city of FNAC in various head and neck lesions in correlation with their histopathological examination.

Materials and methods: A hospital based prospective study was conducted among 209 patients with palpable head and neck region swellings in the Department of Pathology, Bhaktapur Cancer Hospital and the Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College from August 2014 to July 2015. FNAC were done from palpable masses of head and neck regions. Data entry and analysis were done using SPSS 17.

Result: There were 209 FNAC cases enrolled, out of which lymph node lesions (n=128) were the most common lesions followed by thyroid (n=40), other soft tissues (n=27) and salivary gland (n=14). Reactive lymph nodes, colloid goiter, epidermoid cyst and sialadenosis were the predominant diagnosis of lymph nodes, thyroid gland, soft tissues and salivary gland respectively. Highest accuracy, sensitivity and speci city were observed in thyroid gland, salivary gland and soft tissues. However, four false negative results for malignancy were reported in lymph node lesions.

Conclusion: Head and neck region swellings are the commonly encountered conditions. FNAC being highly accurate, sensitive and speci c makes it useful and reliable procedure for screening and diagnosis of palpable masses in head and neck region. 

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Published

2016-09-24

How to Cite

Pathak, R., Prasad, K., Rauniyar, S., Pudasaini, S., Pande, K., Koirala, S., Kafle, S., Jha, A., Chalise, S., & Basnyat, A. (2016). Fine needle aspiration cytology of head and neck lesions and its correlation with histopathology. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 6(12), 985–989. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v6i12.16276

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