Blood Lead Level among school children in an Industrial city of Nepal


  • K Gautam Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd
  • S Pradhan Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd
  • V Thuppil National Referral Center for Lead Projects in India
  • D Pyakurel Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd
  • A Shrestha Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd



Blood, Lead


Background: Widespread use of lead has caused extensive environmental contamination and health problems in many parts of the world. Children are particularly vulnerable and even relatively low levels of exposure can cause serious health conditions. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of blood lead level in children in industrial city of Nepal, Birgunj.

Materials and Methods: The cross sectional study was done on 50 school going student in Birgunj city, Nepal from November 2016 to January 2017. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Capillary blood was drawn and Blood Lead Level was measured immediately. SPSS ver. 22 was used to analyze the data.

Results: The mean age of children in study was 12.5 ± 1.11 years.Among 50 children, 54% were male and 46% were female. The mean blood lead level was 20.33±9.36 μg/dl (male 21.08±8.87μg/dl, female 19.46±10.92 μg/dl). All the children in the study have elevated blood lead level and 84% of them have >10 μg/dl. About 26% of children have blood lead level between 15-20 μg/dl, 12% have level 20-25 μg/dl and 4% of them have more than 35 μg/dl.

Conclusion: The prevalence of blood lead level in children from the industrial city of Nepal is alarmingly high. Children exposed with chipped paints have high level of blood lead level. However, further study in large population is required to address the current situation regarding the lead exposure to children.




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Author Biographies

K Gautam, Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd


S Pradhan, Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd


D Pyakurel, Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd


A Shrestha, Samyak Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd





How to Cite

Gautam, K., Pradhan, S., Thuppil, V., Pyakurel, D., & Shrestha, A. (2017). Blood Lead Level among school children in an Industrial city of Nepal. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 7(1), 1091–1094.



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