Cutaneous leishmaniasis

Authors

  • Ram Chandra Adhikari Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Mahesh Shah Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v7i2.18031

Keywords:

Granulomatous, Kala-azar, Papulo-nodular, Skin

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Leishmaniasis is considered to be zoonotic disease, caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania, and transmitted by a bite of infected female sandfly. Primary cutaneous leishmaniasis is not common disease in Nepal, however, there were cases reported from Terai region of Nepal. The patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis present with a papule or nodule at the site of inoculation, followed by formation of crusts. Differential diagnoses of cutaneous leishmaniasis include variety of skin diseases, inflammatory like impetigo, eczema, or granulomatous like sarcoidosis, lupus vulgaris, to skin tumor like basal cell carcinoma & squamous cell carcinoma. There are various procedures and laboratory techniques used to diagnose leishmaniasis. Punch skin biopsy is widely used & popular technique to diagnose cutaneous leishmaniasis. Different drugs like sodium stibogluconate, sodium antimony gluconate, Amphotericin B and Miltefosine: are used for its treatment. No vaccines are available for prevention. 

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Author Biographies

Ram Chandra Adhikari, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Pathology

Mahesh Shah, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Consultant Dermatologist

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Published

2017-09-01

How to Cite

Adhikari, R. C., & Shah, M. (2017). Cutaneous leishmaniasis. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 7(2), 1212–1217. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v7i2.18031

Issue

Section

Review Articles