Interpretation on coexistence or association of thrombocytopenia with malaria

  • Niraj Nepal Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5863-5445
  • Prabesh Kumar Choudhary Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Centre
  • Nirajan Mainali Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Centre
Keywords: Fever; Malaria; Thrombocytopenia

Abstract

Background: Malaria is a major health problem especially in developing countries. It is a major cause
of morbidity and mortality especially in the tropics. There are several hematological changes in this
particular disease, which includes thrombocytopenia, anemia , atypical lymphocytosis and infrequently
intravascular coagulation. The aim of the study is to detect and compare the severity of various
hematological changes, especially thrombocytopenia in the particular type of malaria.
Materials and Methods: This was an observational study done on the patients attending the outpatient
and inpatient departments clinically suspected for malaria in Nobel Medical College, Biratnagar, Nepal.
Thick and thin slides were made and stained with Leishman’s stain for malarial parasites and also antigen
tests were included wherever necessary. Other tests included were, complete blood counts.
Results: Amongst the included 800 patients with suspicion of malaria, 135 (17%) patients demonstrated
malarial parasites on peripheral blood film. Male predominance in male to female predominance of 3.5:1
was observed. Total number of 120 out of 135 had thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia was observed
higher in P. Vivax (79.3%) followed by Mixed infection (17%) and P. falciparum (3.7%) respectively.
Conclusion: Anemia with mainly thrombocytopenia was mainly seen in P. Vivax type followed by P.
Falciparum. Since thrombocytopenia is associated with malaria, which is demonstrated in our study,
treating physicians should keep malaria as one of the differential diagnosis in patients with fever and low
platelets.

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Author Biographies

Niraj Nepal, Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Department of Pathology 

Prabesh Kumar Choudhary, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Centre

Department of Pathology

Nirajan Mainali, Nobel Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Centre

Department of Pathology

Published
2019-04-02
How to Cite
Nepal, N., Choudhary, P., & Mainali, N. (2019). Interpretation on coexistence or association of thrombocytopenia with malaria. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 9(1), 1453-1456. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v9i1.23442
Section
Original Articles