Histopathological pattern of skin cancer at tertiary referral skin health centre

Authors

  • Ram Chandra Adhikari Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1605-2898
  • Mahesh Shah Anandaban Leprosy Hospital, Anandaban, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Anil Kumar Jha Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v9i2.25827

Keywords:

Adnexal tumor, Basal cell carcinoma, Cancer, Skin, Metastasis

Abstract

Background: The skin is a heterogeneous organ, capable of producing various types of skin tumors. The incidence of skin cancers, including melanoma and non-melanoma has been reported to have risen in many parts of the world. In Asian and African countries, individuals with pigmented races have a much lower incidence of skin cancers despite sunny hot weather. This study is aimed to analyze age, sex and site wise of distribution of skin cancers.

Materials and Methods: The study included a total of 60 patients with histopathologically proven skin cancers from January 2015 to December 2018 in the department of pathology, DI skin health and referral centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Results: A total of 60 cases of histopathologically proven skin cancer constituted 3.69% of total skin biopsies. Patient age ranged from 15 to 88 years with mean age being 61 years. The majority of the patients were in the age group of 61-70 yrs. The male to female ratio is 1:1.3. Basal cell carcinoma was the most common skin cancer constituting 43.4%, followed by squamous cell carcinoma (28.3%). The most common site of skin cancer is head & neck (73.3%), followed by lower extremities (8.3%). Other skin cancers were Bowen’s disease, melanoma, verrucous carcinoma, keratoacanthoma, trichilemmal carcinoma, extramammary Paget’s disease, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and metastatic tumor.

Conclusions: The most common type of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma, followed by squamous cell carcinoma and head & neck being the commonest site.

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Author Biographies

Ram Chandra Adhikari, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Professor, Department of Pathology
and DI Skin Health & Referral Centre, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Mahesh Shah, Anandaban Leprosy Hospital, Anandaban, Lalitpur, Nepal

and DI Skin Health & Referral Centre, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Anil Kumar Jha, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Dermatology
DI Skin Health & Referral Centre, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

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Published

2019-09-29

How to Cite

Adhikari, R. C., Shah, M., & Jha, A. K. (2019). Histopathological pattern of skin cancer at tertiary referral skin health centre. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 9(2), 1555–1559. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v9i2.25827

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Section

Original Articles